Which mango variety is apple-shaped?

Unknown types of fruit: 10 unusual & exotic varieties

Apple, banana, grape - everyone is probably familiar with these classics. We provide variety and introduce you to ten unknown and exotic types of fruit.

Fruit trees in the garden are something wonderful: in spring they have beautiful flowers, which makes them the most bee-friendly plants of all, and in summer they provide shade and (unlike other garden plants) hardly need any attention. But the best are probably the sweet and healthy fruits that hang on their branches year after year and provide us with important vitamins. However, if you look in the gardens and on the plates, you will always come across the same types of fruit. In addition to apple (Malus), Pear (Pyrus) and Co. still completely different fruit, which is characterized by a great taste. We have selected ten rare types of fruit for you that are wrongly leading a shadowy existence.

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Are you looking for a type of fruit that not everyone has? These ten unknown fruits are definitely worth a look.

10. Strawberry tree

A tree by the strawberries (Fragaria) to grow? Unfortunately, no. Even if the name strawberry tree (Arbutus) suggests otherwise, the small red fruits of this tree are not strawberries, even if they look very similar to them. A look at the bright orange interior fades any doubt. In terms of taste, the fruits of the strawberry tree do not convince everyone because they are rather tasteless. But the tree is ideal as an eye-catcher in the garden: Its dense foliage, the attractive bell-shaped blossoms that it wears in winter and its peeling bark make it a real eye-catcher. And the red fruits also provide bright splashes of color in the garden. In a mild wine-growing climate, the strawberry tree can be planted in the garden, otherwise it can also be cultivated in a bucket.

9. Chokeberry

The chokeberry, also under its Latin name Aronia well-known, has recently become one of the insider tips when it comes to healthy eating, and is therefore very much in vogue. In particular, their high content of vitamin C and antioxidants ensures that the chokeberry becomes a real fashion fruit. But what very few people know: The vitamin bomb can also be grown in your own garden without any problems. The fruit tree is only about two and a half meters high and is therefore also suitable for smaller gardens. At the same time, the chokeberry is particularly robust and hardy and, with its white flowers, is also a real ornament in spring.

8. Caramel berry

Sweets that grow on trees are probably every child's dream - with the caramel berry (Leycesteria formosa) this fantasy becomes almost a reality: From June to September the colorful, spike-shaped flowers of the plant shine and let an enchanting scent of caramel waft through the garden. The impressive autumn color of the shrub is also really impressive. Over the course of the year, the impressive individual flowers form red berries, which are almost black at the end of ripeness, which are characterized by a bitter, caramel-like taste. In the garden, caramel berries are extremely easy to care for, but need additional frost protection in winter.

7. Rock pear

The rock pear (Amelanchier) can actually be found in a relatively large number of gardens, because it is an almost unique ornamental tree with its numerous flowers in spring and its spectacular autumn colors. But the fruits of the rock pear, on the other hand, often go unnoticed by people and are mainly aimed at winged gourmets - a shame when you consider that the blue-black, small balls are real delicacies. Their sweet and aromatic taste is reminiscent of blueberries, which is why they are perfect for jams and jellies - but they can also be eaten raw or made into wine.

6. Cornelian cherry

It was already known to the ancient Greeks and was also grown with pleasure in Germany - over time the cornel cherry (Cornus mas) but slowly being forgotten. Wrongly, because the dogwood plant (Cornaceae) has a lot to offer: With its fragile flower arrangement, which consists of thousands upon thousands of tiny umbels, the cornel cherry is a real beauty. But also their shiny red to almost black berries are a real pleasure with their sour taste and highly aromatic both raw and made into jam. In addition, the Cornelian cherry is extremely robust: the fruit trees thrive in almost any location and even in dry periods.

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5. Indian banana

As extraordinary as the name of the Indian banana (Asimina triloba), which by the way is called Pawpaw in its North American homeland, it can also be misleading: In fact, the exotic fruit tree belongs to the genus of the creamed apple family (Annonaceae) and is therefore neither with the banana (Musa) related, nor does it look particularly similar to it. In reality, the elongated fruit with the smooth, green-yellow skin is probably best served with a papaya (Carica papaya) to compare. Behind the peel is the yellow, creamy flesh, which has the tropical taste of mango (Mangifera indica), Banana and melon (Cucumis melo) can be combined and simply spooned out. But you can not only experience the taste of this exotic in the tropics - with a winter hardiness down to -25 ° C and a robust nature, the Indian banana is also suitable for the home garden.

4. Ornamental quince

Because it has the word "ornamental" in its name, many think that the ornamental quince (Chaenomeles) is not intended for eating. In fact, the yellow fruits are far too tasty and healthy to just look at. The fruits of the ornamental quince are popularly known as "Nordic lemons" because of their color, their sour taste and their high vitamin C content. In addition to their delicious fruits, the beautiful fruit bush particularly impresses with its unique flowers: from white to vermilion or even scarlet red, the exotic beauties shine from afar in spring and are an absolute eye-catcher.

3. Medlar

Originally from Asia, the Romans once brought the medlar (Mespilus) to Europe, where it became very popular. Today, however, the exotic can only be found sporadically in cottage gardens - and the medlar has so much to offer: In spring, the tree comes up with radiantly beautiful flowers, which are particularly popular with bees, but also immediately cast a spell on people. In autumn, however, the medlar impresses with a great leaf color in bright orange-yellow. The highlight, however, are their apple-shaped fruits with the distinctive, gaping tip. Although they are still quite hard at the beginning, they take on a mushy consistency after a short storage period or the first frost and then develop their full sweet and sour aroma. With its slow growth, the medlar is also very suitable for small gardens and is sufficiently hardy, even if it has no objection to a warm place.

2. Blue cucumber

The name says it all: The fruits of the exotic blue cucumber tree (Decaisnea fargesii) consist of up to 20 centimeters long, stretched pods that catch the eye with their eye-catching color. The intensely blue fruits provide an impressive highlight, especially in autumn after the leaves have fallen, which is why the blue cucumber tree is also popular as an ornamental wood. But the blue pods are also convincing in terms of taste - the gelatinous interior has a slightly sweet taste and is particularly popular in western China. With its pinnate leaves and hanging panicles up to 50 centimeters long, the blue cucumber tree is also a great sight in itself, which can also be grown in Germany thanks to its winter hardiness.

1. Jujube

In Germany the jujube (Ziziphus jujuba) a true rarity, but in their home country in China the fruit is as popular as apples are here. No wonder when you consider that its taste is supposed to be reminiscent of baked apples with its mild sweetness and a slight acidic note. The jujube, which is also called Chinese dates or breast berries, is not only convincing with its taste. Its leaflets shine with a golden yellow color in autumn and the numerous small flowers give off a pleasantly subtle smell. In addition, with its high vitamin C content, the jujube is extremely healthy. Even in the garden, the rare exotic cuts a fine figure: It is frost-hardy down to -20 ° C and is also ideal for keeping in pots.

Not only among the fruit trees there are numerous rare and unknown varieties - here you will find 9 berries that you have probably never heard of.

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Frederike

I am a student of agricultural sciences and a real village child. At home I have a small vegetable garden that I tend and look after, and I prefer to spend the time outside. When I'm not outdoors, I love to write. My love is not only for plants and writing, but also especially for the animal world.
Favorite fruit: currants and raspberries.
Favorite vegetables: salsify, savoy cabbage and potatoes.