The Pentagon has always been called the Pentagon

Fake truths. 9/11 conspiracy theories

Table of Contents

1 Introduction

2. What Really Happened: Theories of 9/11
2.1 The official report
2.2 Controlled demolition of the World Trade Center
2.3 Lack of military air defense
2.3.1 Flight AA 11
2.3.2 Flight UA 175
2.3.3 Flight AA 77
2.3.4 Flight UA 93
2.4 Larry Silverstein - WTC 7
2.5 The Pentagon Airplane or Missile
2.6 Terror through one's own country

3. Conspiracy theories
3.1 definition
3.1.1 Features of a conspiracy theory
3.2 Development of a conspiracy theory
3.3 Functions and causes of a conspiracy theory
3.3.1 The Paranoid Style
3.3.2 Collective mania of a conspiracy theory
3.3.3 Conspiracy and paranoia attitudes
3.4 Consequences of conspiracy theories

4. Critical examination of the conspiracy theories around Nine / Eleven
4.1 Loopholes and contradictions in the official version
4.1.1 Patchy conspiracy theories
4.1.2 The Pentagon - the official process
4.1.3 Fixed gaps and contradictions
4.1.4 Typical American image of the Pentagon conspiracy
4.2 Conspiracy Theories in Response to Feeling Fear
4.3 Conspiracy Theories - One Way to Make Big Money
4.3.1 Profit from online and print media
4.3.2 Book publishers and authors profit
4.4 Political consequences
4.4.1 The opponents of the USA

5. Conclusion

6. Bibliography

Abstract

All over the world, numerous conspiracy theories related to 9/11 have long been circulating. The aim of this work is to critically examine these theories. The first part of the thesis deals with the theoretical area. Definition, origin, functions and the aim of conspiracy theories are analyzed. These theories from September 11th are then specifically described and explained. Based on the definition that conspiracy theories are incidents with unpleasant consequences that are often added to someone else, Chapters 2 and 3 are summarized in the last section of the text. This shows that the gaps and contradictions in the official reports that get people to discuss. In addition, political, psychological and financial reasons also contribute to the emergence of conspiracy theories around 9/11. The sources for this work are drawn from a wide variety of literature and the Internet.

1 Introduction

When you hear the date September 11, 2001, everyone knows what is meant. It was on that day that the terrible attacks occurred in the United States. "Around 40 percent of the American population believe, however, that this terrorist attack was primarily planned by their own country" (Anton, Schetsche & Walther, 2014, p. 159). My pre-scientific work is about these conspiracy theories.

For a simple introduction to the subject, the word conspiracy theory is defined first. It explains how it is created and what its aim is. In the third chapter various conspiracy theories of 9/11 are enumerated and described. Finally, chapters 2 and 3 are linked together. The knowledge from Chapter 2 is applied to the 9/11 conspiracy theories. The aim is to explain why many people find these theories much more exciting than the official report and what functions they fulfill. It is mentioned in detail how fear can affect the development of conspiracy theories in relation to 9/11 and what influence the gaps or contradictions in the official report have. It also shows whom they serve. Politics and the media play an important role.

My work is mainly based on books. But in order to find a personal reference for the readers, some information is also obtained through an interview. Most of this is dealt with in Chapter 4.2. “Everything has changed here, especially the people who were affected that day” (Karl Lamprecht, personal communication, January 26, 2016).

In this case, the Internet is also a very good source, because where better to reinforce your own guesses? The internet has been of great help as it can show how far the dissemination of these theories has come. That is why I often used various websites. Andreas Anton and Christian C. Walther have recently dealt extensively with the question of which conspiracy theories still exist. In their 2011 book they show the various conspiracy theories and explain their deviations from the official report of the authorities. This information can be used well for the presentation of the conspiracy theories in Chapter 3. Another important book was conspiracy by Andreas Anton, Michael Schetsche and Michael Walter, which deals with the psychological aspects of conspiracies.

2. What Really Happened: Theories of 9/11

“It is time we learned the truth, one way or another, and we will do so through independent investigation. If we do not know the truth about our history, this will endanger our future ”(Jeanette Fitzsiminons quoted in Bröckers & Walther, 2011, p.10).

We all know it or have heard of this 9/11 theory. There are numerous of them. The sources come from books, but also from the Internet. When it comes to these theories, you couldn't find a better source. Not only can they be easily published on the Internet, they also spread all the faster. In this chapter you will be introduced to some of the important theories of September 9, 2011.

2.1 The official report

Not everyone knows the official report or the course of September 11th, because the conspiracy theories are much more sought-after. An example would be if you give it to the search engine Google Pentagon September 11th one, one finds mostly only theories and not the official process. Who would rather believe the boring reports of the state when there are many different and more interesting articles on the Internet. In addition, the official version of the reports will never contain everything the government knows about the terrorist attacks. Much is kept under lock and key.

2.2 Controlled demolition of the World Trade Center

“The South Tower ... at 10 a.m. east coast time this morning is collapsing on itself. Thousands of people worked there. We have no idea what the cause is ... Anyone who has ever seen a building deliberately blown up knows that you have to come down to the infrastructure of a building in order to destroy it. " Peter Jennings in ABC News “(Bröckers & Walther, 2011, p. 205).

William Rodriguez, the caretaker of the north tower, is certain that a controlled demolition is to blame for the collapse of the twin towers. He told the CBS television crew what he experienced that day. But his interview was never shown on television. Probably because his statement does not match the case report that has already been completed. The caretaker and many other employees were on the ground floor during the aircraft impact. All of them felt the explosion in the basement of the World Trade Center. In addition, a burning man ran out of the elevator that came from below. According to Rodriguez's feeling, there were three explosions, the last one triggered by an earthquake. Despite what William Rodriguez and Peter Jennings said, the final report was not revised. The 9/11 Commission is sticking to its pancake theory - that the building collapsed from top to bottom. But even many architects and engineers who dealt with September 11th came to the conclusion that this theory can in no way apply (Bröckers & Walther, 2011, pp. 205-209).

These architects and engineers worked on the Website AE911.org recorded some contradictions against the pancake theory:

"1. The collapse occurred with almost the same acceleration as in free fall. The steel and concrete masses, which should have slowed the collapse from above, offered no resistance.
2. More than 100 rescue workers reported explosions and lightning.
3. Isolated explosive ejections were observed 20 to 40 floors below the collapse front.
4. In the steel and dust samples that were secured by FEMA, thermite incendiary devices and nanothermite explosives could be detected [sic!] ”(Bröckers & Walther, 2011, pp. 207-208).

2.3 Lack of military air defense

For many skeptics, it is puzzling that the military did not intervene despite the long time frame between the start at 8:14 a.m. and the end at 10:03 a.m. of the aircraft hijackings. Your only explanation would be Stand-down order, so that an order came from above not to launch any interceptors. But now to the official version. In this it says that the military had no chance to shoot down the hijacked passenger planes, because they were inaugurated belatedly by the civil pilots. In addition, the NEADS radar did not work properly and so the aircraft could not be located (Bröckers & Walther, 2011, p. 147).

2.3.1 Flight AA 11

American Flight 11 turned off its transponder at 8.22 a.m. This means that at this point in time you did not know the identifier, altitude or speed, but only saw a point on the radar. In spite of everything, the civil pilots did not notice a course deviation until 8.28, i.e. from Boston to the south. The military was informed immediately, but they saw no radar point, which seemed strange to many. Because only a short time later, Flight Delta was reported as hijacked in 1998. The military noticed this radar point. So it couldn't be due to the outdated device (Bröckers & Walther, 2011, p. 154).

2.3.2 Flight UA 175

When American Flight 11 flew into the north tower of the World Trade Center at 8:46 a.m., United Airlines Flight 175 changed its transponder code several times. The pilots had nothing to worry about, because the aircraft stayed on course and the transponder was not switched off. But when suddenly an unidentified plane heading for New York appeared on the radar, panic broke out. This was justified because on March 9th the second plane crashed into the south tower of the World Trade Center (Bröckers & Walther 2011, pp. 155-156).

2.3.3 Flight AA 77

American Airlines Flight 77 took off from Washington. About 30 minutes later, his location was completely lost from the radar. The pilots tried in vain to establish contact with the departing aircraft. It was now assumed that flight AA 77 had either made an emergency landing or crashed. At 9:34 a.m., however, an airplane without a transponder code appeared not far from the Pentagon. It flew through the most secure airspace without any air defenses until it finally flew into the Pentagon at a speed of about 500 miles per hour. No one could explain how American Airlines Flight 77 could remain undetected for so long (Bröckers & Walther, 2011, pp. 157-158).

2.3.4 Flight UA 93

United American Flight 93 was reported as hijacked about half an hour after it took off. Because of the chaos, this machine was mistaken for the really hijacked flight United Airlines 175. Surprisingly, however, flight UA 93 switched off its transponder thirty minutes later and turned around again. At 9:39 a.m., the air traffic controller Jarrah informed the ground crew of the pilot's speech by radio contact,

"Ah. Here's the captain; I would like to tell you all to remain seated. We have a bomb aboard, and are going back to the airport, and we have our demands. So please remain quiet ”(“ United Airlines Flight 93 ”, n.d.).

After that there was no more radio contact. Shortly afterwards, around 10.03, the passenger plane crashed near Shanksville, Pennsylvania (Bröckers & Walther, 2011, pp. 158-160).

2.4 Larry Silverstein - WTC 7

"You know, we've had such a terrible loss of life, maybe the smartest thing to do is to pull it. And they made that decision to pull and then we watched the building collapse. "Said Larry Silverstein in an interview" (Bröckers & Walther, 2011, p. 218).

For many people, these three lines sound like an admission of guilt, because for demolition contractors pull it means “taking away the supporting structure from the building” (Bröckers & Walther, 2011, p. 218). On September 11, 2011, not only the twin towers collapsed, but also World Trade Center 7, which was not far from its real goal. Silverstein, the owner of the three skyscrapers, was lucky because he bought and insured the World Trade Center with a very unusually high sum about three months beforehand. A few days after the disaster, he insisted that he should get the insurance sum for both towers individually, as they were destroyed by two different attacks. But whether the WTC 7 really collapsed on its own is unclear to many. Shapiro said:

"Just before the building collapsed, I was told by several NYPD officials and workers (from the New York electricity company) Con Edison, Larry Silverstein .. was on the phone with his insurance company to see if they would approve the controlled demolition of the building - as its foundation is already unstable and in danger of collapsing ”(Bröckers & Walther, 2011, p. 219).

But a controlled demolition could not have been possible. A high-rise would have to be prepared weeks in advance. So Larry Silverstein must have known about the attack (Bröckers & Walther, 2011, pp. 217-220).

2.5 The Pentagon Airplane or Missile

The authors Mathias Bröckers and Christian C. Walther specifically addressed this question in their book 11.9. ten years later - the collapse of a building with lies. A surveillance camera recorded the crash of American 77 at 9:37:46 a.m. into the Pentagon. Nevertheless, it is not clear whether there was really an airplane, i.e. Flight American 77, on this one video. The machine left a trail of smoke behind it, which was not normal for an airplane. Many suspect that it must therefore have been a rocket (Bröckers & Walther, 2011, pp. 194-197).

Another obscurity is the circular hole in the wall of the third ring of the building where the landing gear allegedly hit. But the hole is more reminiscent of an impact with a rocket head. The three-meter-high cable drums that stood directly in front of the wall must also have touched the plane. However, these were completely undamaged. Amazingly, only about half of the aircraft debris was found, which is more like a tanker truck (Bröckers & Walther, 2011, p. 196).

The calls from the two aircraft passengers are also puzzling. Because the calls were not made with an on-board phone, but with a normal cell phone from around 4000 feet. Both gave different details about the non-Arab kidnappers. David Ray Griffin; a skeptic, has a different theory. He believes that these calls did not even take place and that radio plays were played instead (Bröckers & Walther, 2011, p. 195).

2.6 Terror through one's own country

There are many skeptics who believe that it was not al-Qaeda but the CIA itself that was responsible for the September 11, 2001 attacks. The US government knew weeks in advance that terrorists had entered America, but the security precautions were not strengthened. Various secret services were also warned, but in retrospect they claimed, due to faulty communication, that they had no knowledge of the impending attacks. Another ambiguity, which was already mentioned in the chapter, is the lack of air defense in the military. Despite many allegedly hijacked planes, nobody did anything. But what benefit could the US get from such a major disaster? Many people ask themselves this question. The Middle East was the destination. George Bush stayed in New York less than minutes after the attacks. The government immediately named the guilty party in order to attack them. They had many secret reasons for doing so. For example, the plentiful raw materials of which their rival opposing powers had enough. After the attack on the twin towers, they also had the perfect excuse. (Wippermann, 2007, p. 137; "Terrorist attacks on September 11, 2011", n.d.)

3. Conspiracy theories

Conspiracy theories have become more and more popular and well-known in recent years, especially after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 in New York, more and more of them emerged. This chapter tries to find a suitable definition for the word conspiracy theory. It also explains how it arises, what causes it can have and what possible consequences it can have.

3.1 definition

The word conspiracy theory is made up of two different words.The term conspiracy is described as “collaborative work for a secret, illegal or illegitimate purpose” (Popp, 2012). For the word theory one finds the definition "model of reality, which is based on observations, evidence or prognoses" (Popp, 2012). There are numerous definitions of the word conspiracy theory, but each one is different. They always focus on something else, which makes it difficult to find a good and understandable definition. In a sociology lexicon, conspiracy theory or conspiracy theory was described as follows (Popp, 2012):

“The conspiracy theory is used as a relief so that omissions, abuses [sic!] Or unpleasant consequences of actions are not responsible. Someone else is blamed for these conditions. In most cases, someone is not specifically accused of guilt, but rather `argued` in empty clichés and nebulous" (Reinhold 1997: 356 quoted in Anton, 2007, p. 18).

3.1.1 Features of a conspiracy theory

According to Pieps, conspiracy theories should consist of three distinctive features.

1. An influential larger secret community
2. People who help this community to become even more influential
3. A society that depends on support to avert a disaster (Pieps 1998 quoted from Kilga, 2009, p. 49)

3.2 Development of a conspiracy theory

For a conspiracy theory to emerge, one must first document the event. First, the belief in conspiracies is formed. This is a common unspecified conspiracy assumption. This usually results in a conspiracy legend. That is, there are certain events that confirm the conspiracy belief. The resulting legends are then summarized into a theory. A cycle is thus formed. With many followers, the belief in conspiracies grows and all the more legends arise. Simply put, anyone could invent a conspiracy theory. It would have to be believable to spread quickly. These would be the ideal basis for the emergence of a conspiracy theory (Grüter, 2011)

3.3 Functions and causes of a conspiracy theory

3.3.1 The Paranoid Style

The eminent American historian Richard Hofstädter discovered that a new form of consciousness had similarities to clinical paranoia. That's why he called it The paranoid style. In this form, people or groups have a special urge to believe in conspiracy theories and to spread them. People suffering from clinical paranoia believe that the danger is directed against themselves. Whereby people in Paranoid Style assume that the threat is directed against a large mass of people, for example a country or even a continent. In this form it is also established that all important historical events were influenced by conspiracy theories (Anton, 2011, p. 51).

3.3.2 Collective mania of a conspiracy theory

Groh also found that clinical paranoia also has parallels with collective madness. An example would be the isolation of madness. That means that character traits of a person can change completely, whereby the other parts remain normal: lovable mother and housewife, with a desirable job, but with an abysmal hatred for dark-colored people. This would be normal bourgeois behavior under the influence of collective madness (Anton, 2011, pp. 51-52).

3.3.3 Conspiracy and paranoia attitudes

A conspiracy theorist is a person who submits to a conspiracy theory. A distinction is made between real followers and mere followers. A conspiracy theory also has the power to turn it into a view of life. This is called a conspiracy or paranoia attitude. You could also say:

“It starts with someone believing in an isolated conspiracy theory - that [sic!] the French Revolution was the work of the Illuminati; the Russian Revolution was the work of the Jews. And it finally ends with an understanding of history that is largely or even exclusively based on the assumption of conspiracies to achieve world domination or even to destroy the human race ”(Anton, 2011, p. 53).

In the above example, there is also political paranoia (Anton, 2011, p. 53).

3.4 Consequences of conspiracy theories

Conspiracy theories have positive and negative consequences. Everyone has prejudices, but conspiracy theories can reinforce them. There always has to be a scapegoat. In addition, your knowledge is no longer based on scientific aspects, but on fabricated facts. The Holocaust, for example, is said to have been a major negative consequence. Other factors certainly played a role at the time, but conspiracy theories were undoubtedly used to accelerate the killing of the Jewish population (Kilga, 2009, pp. 79-80).

But as you can see in the next chapter, not only fear is a consequence of conspiracy theories. Positive consequences such as profit in every respect also play an important role. Whether financially, politically, or on a human level, all of this can be caused by these theories.

4. Critical examination of the conspiracy theories around Nine / Eleven

"About 40 percent of the American population believe that the official version of the attacks is not true" (Anton, Schetsche & Walther, 2014, p. 159). Many individual factors play a role here. A good example here would be the use of the media to earn their money with it. Likewise the politics that want to get voters on their side. An interview brought even more insight into how American citizens find conspiracy theories to be created by fear. This then shows the consequences of the incomplete and contradicting official reports. These results are presented in this chapter.

4.1 Loopholes and contradictions in the official version

There are many loopholes and contradictions in the official reports. And this is exactly where assumptions or discussions about the missing information arise. To put it simply, conspiracy theories are invented. This subchapter shows whether the conspiracy theories that have arisen are gap-free or whether they also provide fuel for puzzling. In addition, the example of the Pentagon conspiracy shows which gaps the theories fill and whether these can be refuted by the official version.

4.1.1 Patchy conspiracy theories

As mentioned earlier, people invent conspiracy theories to fill in gaps and contradictions. But because of their mostly absurd ideas, conspiracy theories are only more improbable than the real event. Because anyone, with their common sense, has to admit that a Boing 757 is more likely to have flown into the Pentagon than a missile. This alleged missile must have been seen by at least one person while approaching the Pentagon. In addition, it must have been specially built by a group of scientists for this project. If you take other theories of 9/11, you get the same result. It would take far too many people who should have been privy to the project. This would have been far too dangerous for the US itself.

4.1.2 The Pentagon - the official process

American Airlines Flight 77 took off 10 minutes late at 8:20 a.m. from Washington Dulles International Airport to fly to Los Angeles. It was then hijacked about half an hour after departure, because at that time it changed its flight direction and terminated the transponder. Another 50 minutes later it sped into the Pentagon at a speed of 982 km / h. 64 passengers and 125 civilians died. In addition to a surveillance camera, there were 5 other eyewitnesses. All other video recordings are under lock and key by the CIA. A taxi was even battered by a lantern. The damage to the Pentagon itself is rather minor, assuming that a Boing 757 has flown into the building. The outside area, on the other hand, was hardly destroyed ("American Airlines Flight 77", 2014).

4.1.3 Fixed gaps and contradictions

Many aspects contradict each other and that is exactly why there are so many different conspiracy theories. There is only one published video that recorded the said crash of American Airlines Flight 77. The authorities have decided not to release the other 84 video recordings to the public. This would only lead to more speculation. Another factor is the trail of smoke that the aircraft left behind it shortly before the impact. An eyewitness stated that the Boing 757 must have touched a lantern as it damaged the witness's taxi shortly afterwards. There are also uncertainties about the lesion in front of and the Pentagon. Many skeptics can only explain the three-meter-wide impact hole by saying that it must have been a missile. But the official report says that fortunately the plane hit an iron door and was only torn into a thousand pieces inside by a kerosene explosion. This also explains the little found wreckage of the Boing. The last point would be the phone calls that some passengers are said to have made before they crashed into the Pentagon. According to the official version of the authorities, several factors play a role in whether it was possible to make calls at this level. First, at this point they were flying overland with many telephone poles. Second, the closer they got to the Pentagon, the deeper the machine got. At the time, it was also possible to use older cell phones up to a height of around 15,000 meters in analog networks and thus also to make calls (Bröckers & Walther 2011, pp. 194-197).

4.1.4 Typical American image of the Pentagon conspiracy

According to the interview, many US citizens are fascinated by this conspiracy theory because of the many speculations that one can make oneself. Everyone makes their own guesses and thus creates even more material for the Internet. There are many loopholes and contradictions in the official reports that make people wonder. But the conspiracy theories are not much more believable either. They do give a stimulus to believe the unimaginable, but by dealing with this topic for a long time you can quickly add one and one. “It's like a puzzle” (Karl Lamprecht, personal communication, January 26th, 2016). These theories also show contradictions. People are also interested in other conspiracy theories surrounding September 11, 2001, but none like the Pentagon conspiracy (Karl Lamprecht, personal communication, January 26, 2016).

4.2 Conspiracy Theories in Response to Feeling Fear

Conspiracy theories often arise in response to feelings of fear. That is why the search for responsible persons or scapegoats usually begins. When asked why this reaction could arise after the attacks in the World Trade Center, there was a simple answer. Nobody felt comfortable in their own country anymore, and insecurity began to break out in the USA. People began to speculate, and so conspiracy theories emerged.

Another aspect would be as mentioned in subsection 3.3.1 and explained by the Paranoid style. In contrast to clinical paranoia, conspiracy theories are believed under the fear of threats against a larger group. The attacks on the Twintowers or the Pentagon arouse fear in these people of an even greater catastrophe in the United States. So they invent conspiracy theories such as that these attacks were planned by their own country. That could express the CIA conspiracy, for example. There is suspicion that people spread this theory because they were less afraid of attacks from their own country than from other countries. Many believe that the US must have thought through this attack carefully and that something like this cannot happen again . “Your own country would only destroy itself” (Karl Lamprecht, personal communication, January 26th, 2016). In addition, the CIA conspiracy gives good reasons why the US is said to have caused this terror. Political or financial causes are just a few of the many. But if it was a different country, it could happen again and again, because anyone can attack for no reason.

4.3 Conspiracy Theories - One Way to Make Big Money

The whole world learned of the attacks on the World Trade Center in no time. In those days there was a lot of media coverage. Everyone wanted to report about it and find out everything. The official version of the events went around the world. But this also resulted in doubters who could not believe in this description of the attacks.

4.3.1 Profit from online and print media

A short time after September 11th, the discourse community emerged 9/11 Truth Movement. This group of people wanted to spread the truth about 9/11 on the internet. However, they not only questioned the official version, but also criticized the mainstream media. A survey that found that the majority of people were more likely to believe in the conspiracy theories also caught the attention of the mainstream media. Due to the great interest of this site, the online media started reporting on conspiracy theories. This not only increased their popularity, but also increased their traffic. As the first magazine in Germany, Der Spiegel published the article “The September Lie” (Fichtner, 2002). This was the trigger for the spread of conspiracy theories in all media. Especially on the anniversaries, it is teeming with reports and documentation about September 11, 2001 (Anton, Schetsche & Walter 2014, pp. 185-187).

4.3.2 Book publishers and authors profit

After a few weeks, the first books on conspiracy theories appeared on September 11, 2001. With great success, of course. Everyone wanted one. The book September 11th: story of a terrorist attack is just one of many that was released back in 2002. Mathias Bröckers in particular made a lot of profit with his books on the attacks. His book is on the Amazon website 11.9. ten years later: the collapse of a building with lies Number one best seller. This book is not the only known work on conspiracy theories. Again, this work is mainly based on his works, which shows that 9/11 made him a famous writer.

Of course, most people in the United States know how popular these conspiracy theories are and how to make good money off of them. Nevertheless, they buy all kinds of books and magazines about it. The editors not only collect a lot with this, but also support their ego (Karl Lamprecht, personal communication, January 26th, 2016).

4.4 Political consequences

Not only does the media benefit from the conspiracy theories, but politics too. Because of the theories, the image of the US deteriorated and its citizens became skeptical. Many people really thought that their own people had something to do with the attacks. It was precisely from these allegations that foreign groups took advantage of.

4.4.1 The opponents of the USA

Al Qaeda or IS are just a few groups that have benefited from conspiracy theories. Because through these they were no longer designated as the guilty. So many people in the US trusted them more than their own government. This made it easier for these groups to distribute their anti-USA propaganda online as well as in the country. Some citizens thus drew them to their side. One can often find websites on the Internet that show the connection between these groups of people with conspiracy theories.

5. Conclusion

The aim of the work was to critically deal with the topic of conspiracy theories around September 11, 2001. In the conclusion, the most important aspects of the work are summarized again.

Conspiracy theories around September 11, 2001 are easy to find. For example, there is the Pentagon conspiracy. Many people just cannot believe that a Boing 757 flew into this building. There are many different theories that differ from the official report. People shape it as there are many contradictions and loopholes in the official version. Another reason people invent conspiracy theories is because of fear. If you take the CIA conspiracy, you can see that the fear of foreign countries is much stronger than that of one's own state.

Defining the word conspiracy theory was the difficulty in the work. There are many different explanations. Finding a suitable one took a lot of time. In the end, an easily understandable one was chosen that describes that incidents with unpleasant consequences are often added to someone else.

The media and politics also have an important role to play.Many people were able to derive great financial benefits from these attacks. The Internet plays a special role here. The media boom started. Blogs and forums reported on 9/11 conspiracy theories long before the mainstream media. When authors discovered this for themselves, there was a veritable surplus of books. The most famous of these were mentioned in the paper. There were also advantages for politics after this disaster. Islamists, for example, use the CIA conspiracy, because this theory made them innocent again and was able to win over new political supporters.

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