What if you have a lot of estrogen?
Estrogen Deficiency: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment
Menopause is not always To blame for decreased estrogen production. Learn all about the symptoms, causes and treatment of estrogen deficiency.
Symptoms of lack of estrogen
Most often, estrogen deficiency is observed during menopause. During this period, the ovaries cease to function and the woman's hormonal balance changes. The estrogen level drops and the following symptoms can occur:
- Hot flashes
- sleep disorders
- depressive moods
- Loss of libido
- Vaginal dryness
- Weight gain
- Menstrual cycle disorders
- blemished skin
- Hair loss
- Progesterone deficiency
An estrogen deficiency can also have other causes independent of the menopause and even occur in men. They also need the hormone and can suffer from a deficit. With them, this manifests itself as weight gain or loss of libido.
Causes of a lack of estrogen
During the menopause, the ovaries gradually cease to function and the production of the sex hormones estrogen and progestin declines. This is why menopause is one of the most common triggers for an estrogen deficiency. At a young age, the use of birth control pills or other hormonal contraceptives can cause estrogen deficiency in women. Adrenal fatigue can also cause the hormone deficit. Other causes of an estrogen deficiency can be:
- the surgical removal of the ovaries, for example in cancer
- a luteal weakness
- Puberty tarda - a delay in puberty and sexual maturation due to malnutrition, too much exercise, or a malfunction of the hormonal glands.
Diagnosis: How do you recognize an estrogen deficiency?
Even if the symptoms seem to indicate this, self-diagnosis of estrogen deficiency is not appropriate and should always be examined by a doctor. If necessary, he can arrange for a hormone analysis and check the estrogen level. There are also saliva tests that can be carried out at home and then sent in. However, the result should be discussed with a doctor. On average, the level of estrogen in a woman's body is 50 picograms per milliliter (pg / ml) and should not drop below 15 pg / ml.
Therapy: treat estrogen deficiency
If an estrogen deficiency has been diagnosed, there are different ways to treat it. During menopause, hormone replacement therapy is sometimes used for severe symptoms. The woman takes artificial hormones to compensate for the lack of estrogen and progestin. But this therapy is associated with possible risks for cardiovascular disease, breast cancer or thrombosis. Many therefore decide to treat the deficiency first with natural means and an adaptation of the lifestyle.
Herbal Remediesthat compensate for an estrogen deficiency and bring the hormonal balance into balance are, for example, monk's pepper, maca or black cohosh. St. John's wort can also help against hormonal, depressive moods. However, it affects the effectiveness of the birth control pill and should therefore not be taken together. Get advice from a doctor or pharmacist here. You can support your body with an estrogen deficiency with a healthy diet, adequate fluid intake, good sleep and exercise in the fresh air. However, it is better to avoid nicotine and alcohol.
Which foods promote estrogen?
Some foods contain so-called phytoestrogens, which are the herbal counterpart to the body's own estrogen. Increasing the intake of phytoestrogenic foods can alleviate the symptoms of an estrogen deficiency and help to make up for it. They include soy products, pomegranate, hops, flax seeds, legumes, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, sesame seeds, dried fruits and red clover.
Consequences of lack of estrogen
In addition to the annoying symptoms of a lack of estrogen, there can be other unpleasant consequences. Bone density can decrease and the risk of osteoporosis increases or the vaginal mucous membranes become thinner and drier. That leads to pain during sex. In addition, infections are more common due to receding genital and urinary organs. Furthermore, the brain ages earlier, the skin can become wrinkled and chronic sleep disorders and deficiency can occur, which in the long run is extremely unhealthy and in turn promotes various diseases.
Estrogen deficiency and the desire to have children
Long-term estrogen deficiency before menopause can, in the worst case, lead to an unfulfilled desire to have children. This is because if there is a severe lack of estrogen, either no ovulation takes place at all, the egg cells do not mature properly during ovulation or the cervix produces too little or no mucus at all, so that the sperm cannot penetrate to the egg. In the case of unwanted childlessness, there is therefore a suspicion of an estrogen deficiency. An examination by the doctor creates clarity.
Important NOTE: The information is in no way a substitute for professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The contents of t-online cannot and must not be used to independently make diagnoses or start treatments.
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