Means HTML 5 web platform

According to HTML 5: W3C plans platform for applications

W3C CEO Jeffrey Jaffe has outlined the next steps for the web after the completion of HTML 5 in a blog post. In his opinion, the Open Web Platform (OWP) with the components HTML 5, CSS3 and JavaScript should now be expanded into a "substructure for applications", ie a basis for developers who write web apps. It even speaks of the Open Web Platform as the operating system of the WWW.

This fall, the W3C - among other things at the Extensible Web Summit in Berlin - set the OWP to eight components. There are Security & Privacy, Core Web Design & Development, Device Interaction, Application Lifecycle, Media & Real-Time Communications, Performance & Tuning, Usability & Accessibility and Common Services. Jaffe says: “Every foundation embodies a collection of services and functions that should be available for all applications. For example, the Security & Privacy Foundation includes functions such as encryption, multifactor authentication and integrity checks. ”Common Services should bring a payment service with them.

An operating system also initially fulfills basic functions, writes Jaffe, such as memory management and device support. Increasingly, however, higher-level tasks were added: network, security, graphical user interface and the like. "It is a fitting metaphor to describe today's Open Web Platform as the first generation of a web operating system."

At the same time, the development of HTML is continuing in small steps: HTML 5.1 could be available as a finished recommendation in 2016, a first draft for HTML 5.2 is expected for next year. When asked by, Jaffe said that HTML had proven itself as a tool for app development, even though it was originally only designed for static websites. “It has made tremendous progress. But if I said it is closed, but wouldn't that be sincere ... There is still so much to do.

After the successful modularization of CSS, for example, there are considerations to make HTML modular as well. “Then different parts of the specification can develop at different speeds.” After all, the approach of presenting large new versions of standards does not correspond at all to the actual development of the Web.

“There are standards organizations that work in lockstep, and everyone agrees with the standard. It will eventually freeze and everyone will implement it. This is not how web standards work at all. That is much more agile, and reactions to parallel developments are possible. Some browser will always lag behind with some functions. But I think we've found a pretty good point of convergence in HTML5. "

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) had declared the standardization of HTML5 to be complete at the end of October. The new version of the Hypertext Markup Language - one of the foundations of the World Wide Web - was already broadly supported by all known browsers at this time, but officially HTML 4.01 from December 1999 was still the valid recommendation.

[with material from Jack Schofield,]

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