Who designed the Ashby BART Station

The 12th Street / Oakland City Center station is an underground Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) station located under Broadway between 12th and 14th Streets in downtown Oakland adjacent to Oakland City Center. It is the second largest BART station in Oakland and the East Bay (just after 19th Street Oakland) and the sixth largest BART station overall with a daily ridership of approximately 13,900 as of February 2020. [2]

12th St / Oakland City Center
A train heading for Richmond at 12th Street Oakland City Center station
place1245 Broadway, Oakland, California
Coordinates37 ° 48'13 "N 122 ° 16'19" W. /. 37.803608 ° N 122.272006 ° W./37.803608; -122.272006Coordinates: 37 ° 48'13 "N 122 ° 16'19" W. /. 37.803608 ° N 122.272006 ° W./37.803608; -122.272006
Lines)BART K-Line
Platforms1 side platform, 1 island platform
traces3
linksAC Transit: Broadway Shuttle, Tempo, 6, 12, 14, 18, 19, 20, 29, 33, 40, 51A, 72, 72M, 72R, 88, 96, 314, 611, 800, 801, 802, 805, 840, 851
construction
Bicycle facilitiesLockers and racks available
Access for the handicappedYes
history
OpenSeptember 11, 1972 [1]
Previous namesOakland City Center / 12th Street (until 2008)
Passengers
202013,944 (weekday average) [2]
Services
place

The station has three underground levels with tracks on the second and third levels. It is served by the Richmond - Millbrae, Berryessa / North San José - Richmond and Antioch - SFO / Millbrae lines, as well as surface AC Transit buses.

The Oakland City Center / 12th Street station opened in 1972 as part of the first section of BART. In 1980–1986, the KE Track Project added the third track to the station. From 1992 to 2002 and from 2004 to 2010 this was the time-controlled transfer point between trains going north. The Tempo bus express service began in 2020.

Station layout

The Oakland City Center entrance to the train station

The station has three underground levels. The first level is a hall with ticket machines and faregates. On the second level there is an island platform and two main tracks (C1 and CX) for trains going north (towards Richmond and Antioch). On the third level there is a side platform with a track (C2) for trains going south (towards Berryessa / North San José or San Francisco). [3] [4] The station has red brickwork, contrasting with the blue of nearby 19th Street Oakland Station. [5]

The station has eight public entrances: two on 12th Street, three on 13th Street, and two on 14th Street (one from Frank H. Ogawa Plaza) and one from the Oakland City Center underground plaza near 13th Street. Surface elevators are located at the entrance to Ogawa Plaza and the entrance to southwest 12th Street, while the platform elevator is located at the south end of the station. [3] An unused passage leads directly to the central bank building at the north end of the station. [6] [7]

history

The disused entrance to the central bank building
Map of the KE Track project

Oakland City Center / 12th Street Station , along with 19th Street Oakland and Daly City stations, was designed by Gerard McCue and Associates. [8] By 1967, owners of three Oakland buildings were considering paying for the private entrances from the station mezzanine. [9] In fact, only one was built: an entrance from the Central Bank Building (1400 Broadway) was approved in February 1968. [6]

The station opened on September 11, 1972 as part of the first section of BART that opened. The service expanded to Richmond over the next year. Service for Concord was added on May 21, 1973 and extended to San Francisco on September 16, 1974 via the Transbay Tube. The Richmond - San Francisco service was added on April 19, 1976. [1]

The station initially had a side platform on each level, with a lane on the east side of each platform. The KE track project, started in 1980 and completed on March 17, 1986, converted the upper platform into an island platform with a new west track (Track CX). [10] [4] The new lane was originally used for peak hour service (southbound towards San Francisco in the morning, and northbound in the evening). [11]

With timetable changes on June 22, 1992, time-controlled transfers between the trains on the Richmond - Fremont line and the Concord - Daly City line were introduced. Oakland City Center / 12th Street was the transfer point between trains going north (Richmond and Concord), while MacArthur Station was the transfer point between trains going south. [12] [1] : 35 Timed transmissions stopped in 2002 but resumed on February 9, 2004. [13]

The station was opened around 2008 in Renamed 12th Street Oakland City Center . [14] [15] [16] On September 13, 2010, the transfer location was changed north to 19th Street Oakland Station. [17] From February 11, 2019 to February 10, 2020, a connection to the station on the Dublin / Pleasanton route was only established on Sundays due to construction work on the Transbay underground. [18] [19]

The construction of the Oakland - San Leandro East Bay rapid transit line (later known as Called Tempo ) started in August 2016. [20] The Tempo Route 1T service began on August 9, 2020 with overland stations on 14th Street and downtown. [21]

bus connections

A 1T bus at the City Center train station

Downtown Oakland is a major interchange point for AC Transit buses, which stop at a number of locations on Broadway and cross streets near the train station: [22]

  • Broadway Shuttle: day and night
  • Fast: 1T, 72R
  • Local: 6, 12, 14, 18, 19, 20, 29, 33, 40, 51A, 72, 72M, 88, 96
  • All-Nighter: 1T, 840, 851

Route 1T stops at special platforms in two locations: the 14th Street on Broadway at the north end of the station and the City center east of Broadway on 12th Street (heading north) and 11th Street (heading south) at the south end of the station. [22]

References

  1. ^ a b c "BART Chronology January 1947 - March 2009" (PDF). San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District. March 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 13, 2013.
  2. ^ a b"Monthly Driver Reports". San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District. February 2020.
  3. ^ a b"Station layout: 12th Street / Oakland City Center Station" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Commission. June. 17.2013.
  4. ^ a bMahon, Vincent P. "Track renovation and new construction in an operating environment at BART" (PDF). Research report on transportation . 1006 : 45–54.
  5. ^Burks, John (September 12, 1972). "1st Day Smash Hit with Happy BART Riders". San Francisco Examiner . p. 5 - via Newspapers.com.
  6. ^ a b"Solution indicated on Ashby Subway". Oakland Tribune . February 9, 1968. p. 21 - via Newspapers.com.
  7. ^"Historical central building" (PDF). Grubb & Ellis. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 22, 2016.
  8. ^Cerny, Susan (2007). An architectural guide to San Francisco and the Bay Area . Gibbs Smith. Pp. 501-502. ISBN.
  9. ^"Subway entry for 4 companies?" . Oakland Tribune . June 8, 1967. p. 68 - via Newspapers.com.
  10. ^Annual report 1985–86 . Rapid Transit District in the San Francisco Bay Area - via the internet archive.
  11. ^Marino, Frank (July 1986). "Beard". Pacific RailNews . p. 40
  12. ^Chin, Steven A. (June 12, 1992). "More, faster service planned by BART". San Francisco Examiner - via Newspapers.com.
  13. ^Cabanatuan, Michael (February 9, 2004). "BART is changing its schedule so driving more than expected to the SFO / Peninsula driver needs a boost". San Francisco Chronicle .
  14. ^"BART tariffs and timetables" (PDF). San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District. January 1, 2008.
  15. ^"BART tariffs and timetables" (PDF). San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District. September 14, 2009.
  16. ^"12th St. Oakland City Center Station". San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District. Archived from