What is Parallel Artificial Intelligence

Publication type:Book partType of review:Editorial reviewTitle:Psychology and Artificial Intelligence (AI): Parallels, opportunities, challenges and a look into the near futureAuthors:Schreiber, Marc
Gloor, Peter A.et. al:NoDOI:10.1007/978-3-662-60465-6_12Published in:Applied psychology in the world of workEditors of the parent work:Negri, Christoph
Eberhardt, DanielaPages:161Pages to:180Issue Date:8-Feb-2020Publisher / Ed. Institution:JumperPublisher / Ed. Institution:BerlinISBN:978-3-662-60464-9Language:GermanSubject (DDC):150: PsychologyAbstract:In this chapter, AI is considered in the context of psychology, the study of human behavior and experience. With the theory of personality-system interactions (PSI theory) (Kuhl 2001), a psychological theory is taken as the basis, which is based on two types of intelligence, namely an analytical and an intuitive one. The PSI theory is suitable as a basis for reflecting on the opportunities and challenges in connection with AI, because it raises the specific question of whether AI "only" covers analytical intelligence or whether it is also intuitively intelligent and thus takes on human traits can. After an interpretation based on the PSI theory, a special focus is placed on psychological intelligence research. It shows that theory and practice have diverged in recent years due to the different epistemological focuses and postulates a new practice and research agenda. With reference to intelligence research, thoughts on the development of AI in the near future are then formulated. The chapter is rounded off by the description of a concrete, practice-related project with a strong exploratory character, which aims to combine AI and psychological counseling practice in the areas of emotion and speech recognition.URI:https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/19724Fulltext version:Published versionLicense (according to publishing contract):License according to the publishing contractDepartment:Applied PsychologyOrganizational Unit:Institute of Applied Psychology (IAP)Appears in collections:Publications Applied Psychology

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