Why do lizards like to eat scorpions
|size||up to 21 cm|
|speed||up to 19 km / h|
|nutrition||Millipedes, shrews, owls, bats|
|Enemies||Rodents, birds, lizards|
|habitat||worldwide (except Antarctica)|
|features||long poison sting on the tail, two pincers|
Longest, shortest and heaviest scorpion
The greatest scorpion is the reddish fissure scorpion Hadogenes troglodytes with up to 21 cm Length. The smallest scorpion belongs to the scorpion family of the Buthidae and is called Microbuthus pusillus. He just will 6.5 mm long. The heaviest scorpion brings stately 60 g on the scales and is the up to 18 cm long emperor scorpion from Africa.
Insect or spider?
Scorpions are not insects, they belong to the class of arachnids.
Do I have to be afraid of Scorpios?
In Europe, scorpions are usually not particularly poisonous. If you are rarely lucky enough to actually see one of these nocturnal arachnids, then you better not get too close to it. Its sting is not life-threatening, but it hurts just as much as a bee or wasp sting. Scorpions, which can be dangerous for humans, live mainly in North Africa, the Middle East and in Central and South America.
Scorpio - Photo: EcoPrint / Shutterstock
There are 1,400 species of scorpion. Around 2,000 are still waiting to be precisely classified. Only 40 to 50 species have enough poison to kill a human.
Lots of eyes and yet a blind nut
On the front body, scorpions have two eyes and 2-5 eyes on each side. But the Scorpio cannot see well. He only perceives movements and the differences between light and dark.
Scorpions glow in the dark
Afraid of scorpions? Turn on a lamp with ultraviolet light! Scorpions have a so-called "fluorescent" substance in them that glows in the dark. So you can find them quickly.
Scorpio - Photo: Arnoud Quanjer / Shutterstock
Babies on board
Scorpio babies look exactly like adult scorpions, only very small and very bright. And they cannot stab yet. As soon as they have hatched, the little rascals immediately crawl onto their mother's back, where they let their feet dangle until the first moult. Sometimes it all goes wrong, because if the mother can't find any food, it can happen that she eats her own kids from hunger.
How do scorpions hunt?
"There's a little bug sitting on the wall in wait ..." or "... there's a little scorpion in its cave". Most scorpions wait for their prey to saunter past with their tongs open and their tails up. Only a few scorpions are a bit more active: they stalk each other or even dig pitfalls!
How do scorpions eat?
The feed is "mashed" with the help of biochemical processes. Enzymes (= proteins) are injected into the prey, which then break everything down into a liquid mass within a short time. The scorpion can then sip it with relish.
Scorpio - Photo: 312010 / Shutterstock
45 different poisons
Scorpios adapt their venom to their favorite “snack”. Some poisons work particularly well on insects, others on crustaceans, and still others on invertebrates. With meerkats and porcupines, however, every attempt is in vain: They are either immune (= insensitive) or resistant (= resilient) to scorpion poison.
It is said that a scorpion kills itself with its stinger when enclosed in fire. But that's nonsense, because he's naturally immune to his own poison. In Africa it is said that a dead scorpion attracts more scorpions. That also belongs in the rumor box. The solitary scorpions hunt live (!) Prey and can only be seen when mating with their fellow species.
420 million years ago scorpions lived in water and grew up to 1 m tall.
Scorpio - Photo: Pavel Krasensky / Shutterstock
No food? Not hungry!
When food is scarce, the scorpion slows down its metabolism by a third. A single insect is enough for him to survive for a whole year. However, scorpions do need water. Warning: slow metabolism does not mean slow Scorpio! Even in this condition, he can jump up and stab quickly.
No earth? Not a scorpion!
Scorpios need loose soil to dig small burrows in. These serve as hiding places and as protection from heat and cold. If there is no cave at hand, you can sometimes see scorpions standing upright. In this way, they reduce contact with the hot floor and can cool down. In cities, scorpions seek shelter in houses, shoes and even in beds.
Home is home
Scorpios stay in the same area for life.
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