What does Renaissance humanism mean

Hanisauland: Lexicon @todo: from Preprocess



The word "humanism" is derived from the Latin term "humanitas". It means "humanity". Generally speaking, humanism is a state of mind or attitude. Anyone who has a humanistic mindset respects the dignity of each individual. He strives for a life without violence, in which everyone is free to express their opinion.

Thinker in the 14th / 15th centuries
A cultural movement of the 14th and 15th centuries is also referred to as "humanism". It had its origins in Italy and then spread to many countries in Western Europe. The humanists oriented themselves on the works of the Greek and Latin philosophers and made them the basis of their ideas. They demanded that human beings should be educated on all sides and become an independent personality.
New humanism
After the humanistic ideas had temporarily lost their importance, there was a renewal movement from 1750, the so-called new humanism. Its representatives include the poets Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Friedrich Schiller and the scholar Wilhelm von Humboldt. In the 19th century, schools and universities in Prussia and Bavaria in particular were geared towards new humanist ideas. To this day, learned and educated people keep referring to these ideas.

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