What is the future tense for invoice

Tip 103-200910 (English Grammar: Gerund / ing-Form)

There are few rules in English that apply without exception. One of them is: If a preposition, i.e. a preposition, is followed by a verb, this must always be used in the ing-form. Here are some examples of the individual options:

Structure and example:
[Verb] + [preposition] + [verb + ing]> I apologize for being late.
[Noun] + [preposition] + [verb + ing]> There is a risk of losing a lot of money.
[Adjective] + [preposition] + [verb + ing]> I'm interested in learning English.

This rule also applies to constructions of subordinate clauses that are introduced with a preposition or a conjunction:

After coming home she called her mother.
Instead of waiting for him she went back home.

Basically, this rule is very easy to implement. Only with the preposition to a problem arises. You have to recognize whether this is possibly the infinitive-to. In such cases, however, it would sound strange, anything pointing to that to follows, through it to replace. As long as to it, so on it / on it / on it, sounds logical, it is a preposition.

I'm looking forward to seeing you next week.
I'm looking forward to it. = I'm looking forward to it.

He’s used to driving on the left-hand side.
He’s used to it. = He is used to it.

BUT:
She wants to go home now. > She wants to it. ???
We're pleased to send you our offer. > We’re pleased to it. ???

There are of course other uses for the ing-form, but these are about completely different topics, such as present progressive (I'm reading the paper at the moment.) Or substantiated verbs (Cooking is my hobby.) Wer If you are particularly interested in this topic, you should just email me or give me a call. Then there’s more information.

 

Tip 108-200911 (English grammar: prepositions / prepositions in Rechnungen / invoices and accounting)

Here is a small translation problem in the field of accounting: How do you translate idiomatically appropriately:

We have only partially cleared the bill for € 470.50.
The invoice amounts to approx. € 1,500.00.

The correct translations are:

The invoice for € 470.50 has only partly been paid / settled.
The invoice amounts to approx. € 1,500.

Note: If you use the word about with numbers, it doesn't mean that above as in talk about, think about rather approximately. In English there must be a point and not a comma after the whole numbers! In the case of the thousands, it is exactly the other way around.

 

Tip 113-200912 (English grammar: times / future / future tense - will future, going-to future / planned future, diary future)

There are 3 options in English for the education of the future:

1. will future: SPONTANEOUS REACTION

Expresses a response to a request, a question or a problem that has occurred or been reported. It is crucial that this reaction takes place spontaneously, i.e. unplanned and without prior deliberation. The decision about the action is made at the moment of speaking. Examples:

A: I have a headache. - B: I'll get you an aspirin.
A: Can you help? - B: I'll try.
A: I don’t understand. - B: I'll explain.
A: I can't finish this work in time. - B: OK. I'll call Tom and ask him to help you with it.

Note: After I think, I don’t think, I’m sure, I expect, I wonder will follow, if future actions are named afterwards. Even with predictions about the future (PREDICTING THE FUTURE) it says:

I'm sure this won't take long.
I don’t think Tom will like the present you bought him.
I expect he'll be late.
I wonder what will happen.
Jack will pass the exam easily.

2. going-to future / planned future: TALKING ABOUT SOMETHING YOU HAVE TO DO

With this form I express that I plan, that is, I intend to do something. The decision about the action was made before the moment of speaking. Examples:

A: Have you got any plans for Sunday - B: Yes, I have. I'm going to meet my brother.
A: What about your next summer holiday? - B: We're going to fly to Australia.
A: Our daughter’s bicycle is broken. - B: I know. I'm going to repair it on Saturday.

3. diary future: TALKING ABOUT SOMETHING THAT YOU INTEND AND HAVE PLANNED ACCURATELY

Doesn't just mean that the plan has been made. Rather, the project can be precisely named with the day and time. It is in the diary, so to speak. Examples:

I'm meeting him next Monday at 5 p.m.
We're flying to Sydney on July 5th at 6.20 in the early morning.

Summary: Our recommendation is to remember the 3 future tenses in a common context. This creates a kind of step-like refinement, as another example illustrates:

(At the travel agent’s)
A: So what's your decision then, sir? Sydney or New York? - B: Well, thanks a lot for the information about these places. And, yes, I'll fly to Sydney.
(Telling friends about your plans)
I've already decided about my next holiday. I'm going to fly to Sydney.
(After receiving flight times etc.)
What a pity, but I can't see you on July 5th. I'm flying to Sydney at 6.20.

 

Tip 114-200912 English grammar: times / past - simple past / past simple, present perfect

General - present perfect - simple past - memorandum - special (tips for advanced learners)

Generally: The English past tenses, simple past and present perfect, are very different from each other. However, there are no parallels (when used) to the German past tense past tense and perfect tense, which in turn is a frequent source of errors.

present perfect: Is always formed with have or has (for he, she, it) + 3rd stem form (have done, have been, has gone, has visited etc.). The signal words include all times with open-end signals: today, this week, so far, not… yet, recently, since [+ point of time], for [+ period of time], never, ever, already, often, several times, twice, etc.

I've had a lot of work this week.
Have you called her recently?
I've worked here since 2006.
We haven't done it yet.
Have you ever been to Africa?
I've been there several times.

simple past: Is always formed with the 2nd stem form (did, went, was / were, saw, visited etc.). The signal words include all time specifications that designate a clearly delimited period / point in time that definitely ends before the time of the conversation: yesterday, last week / last year /…, two days ago / 5 minutes ago /…, from… to, before breakfast, after dinner, at once, at the party etc. It is therefore important that the period mentioned is over, not so much that the action in the past is over; this is usually (with a few exceptions) actually ended at the time of the conversation.

Last month I bought a new car.
Did you call him yesterday?
She worked for them from 1993 to 1998.
He left a second ago.
In 1989 he lived in Sydney.
He did it rather slowly.
He replied to the e-mail at once.

Note: If I ask or say when or where or how exactly something happened or was done, simple past should always be used.

Special (tips for advanced learners):

Null-Signal / zero signal or hidden signals: If the usual signals for present perfect are missing, the open-end concept is contained in other words, e.g. we = we have known each other / I = I since I've lived / our company = ours Company since it has existed / the world = the world since it has existed
Different signals: If contradicting signals are used in a sentence, the signal for simple past is, so to speak, the stronger one (She never talked to her boyfriend last week./He already finished the list some minutes ago./A few years ago they lived in London for several months.)
Perfect in German with “sein”: Does not exist in English (turnover has fallen = turnover has fallen.)
Repetition of the signal words: is not required! As soon as the signal word has been mentioned, it does not have to be repeated in every subsequent sentence.
Special / indirect signal words: Some signal words for simple past are not immediately recognizable as such at first glance (Mozart composed ... => Mozart no longer lives today! / In his childhood he lived ... => he is grown up today! / My sister wrote two books. => so my sister is no longer alive!)