What does job 1
There are 2 types of mini-jobs: At 450 euro mini job may the wages monthly 450 euros not exceed. The number of hours that mini-jobbers are allowed to work per month results from the hourly wage.
The statutory minimum wage also applies to mini-jobs: anyone who earns EUR 9.50, for example, is allowed to work a maximum of 47.36 hours per month in order not to exceed the EUR 450 limit (technical term: marginal earnings limit).
In the case of short-term mini-jobs, the work must be done over the course of a calendar year3 months or a total of 70 days do not exceed. The monthly fee can fluctuate.
The legal basis for mini jobs is the fourth book of the Social Security Code (SGB IV).
Disadvantages compared to employment subject to social insurance
Anyone who has a mini job has to no contributions to unemployment insurance dissipate. This is a fundamental disadvantage of the mini-job: acquiring mini-jobbers not entitled to unemployment benefit. There are further disadvantages in terms of social security and often also in labor law.
Low pension entitlement
Mini-jobbers are compulsorily insured under pension insurance. Anyone who submits a corresponding application to the Deutsche Rentenversicherung can be exempted from this compulsory insurance.
Anyone who is the only one who has a long-term mini-job has a very low pension entitlement in old age, as the compulsory contribution is very low in line with the short working hours. Anyone who worked exclusively in mini-jobs and was exempt from pension insurance has at the end of their working life no pension entitlements. In many cases this means that mini-jobbers are at high risk for Old-age poverty.
The employer pays lump-sum social security contributions for mini-jobs, but mini-jobbers are still with them not automatically insured for health and care. Employees only pay into health and long-term care insurance and thus acquire insurance cover if they earn more than 450 euros.
Employees have to take out other health insurance for up to 450 euros a month. The following options are available for this:
- Compulsory insurance in the statutory health insurance
- Free family insurance
- Voluntary health insurance (statutory or private)
For recipients of unemployment benefit or unemployment benefit II who work in a mini-job, the employment agencies or job centers pay the contributions to health and long-term care insurance. This applies as long as there is a claim to benefits.
Labor law in mini-jobs
Mini-jobbers are considered part-time employees according to the Part-Time and Temporary Employment Act. In principle, you have the same rights in labor law as full-time employees. This includes
- Protection against dismissal,
- Continued payment of wages if the child is sick,
- Remuneration on Sundays and public holidays,
- Maternity allowance,
- written information about the main contractual conditions,
- Certificate of employment,
- statutory accident insurance in the event of an accident at work or commuting and
- special protection for severely disabled people.
However, practice shows that many employees with mini-jobs are denied these rights. They are rarely treated in the same way as employees subject to social security contributions.
Information on labor law in mini-jobs can be found on the associated website of the mini-job headquarters.
We would be happy to advise you on this as well.
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Mini-jobbers - like other employees - are entitled to vacation. How many vacation days they are entitled to each year depends on how many days they work per week.
This is how the vacation entitlement is calculated:
Individual working days per week x vacation entitlement in working days ÷ usual working days.
You work 3 days a week. The general vacation entitlement in your company is 30 days. Usually you work 5 days a week. That means: You are entitled to 18 vacation days per year.
Mini job as a sideline
Anyone who wants to do a mini job in addition to their main job, which is subject to social insurance, needs that agreement his main employer.
If you stay with a mini job, this is not subject to insurance. If additional mini-jobs are added, contributions to social security must be paid. Anyone who does not have a main job that is subject to social security contributions but has several mini-jobs with different employers must keep track of their income: the marginal earnings limit of 450 euros applies. If the monthly wage exceeds this amount, contributions to social security are due.
You can find out more about mini-jobs in our flyer Make more of your mini-job.
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