Why is culture dynamic and not static
Dynamic and static storage in comparison
A certain organizational effort is essential in warehousing in order to ensure efficient processes. Regardless of whether dynamic or static storage is used, rules must be defined and adhered to. Both systems have their advantages and disadvantages and are therefore better suited for different warehouses. The organization of the warehouse also influences the choice of shelves.
Definition of dynamic and static warehousing
These two forms of organization relate to the selection of storage locations. In principle, both systems can be implemented manually as well as using warehouse management software. Static storage is when the storage spaces are always occupied with the same items. Regardless of the degree of occupancy in the warehouse, the storage locations remain identical. Even if an article is currently out, the storage space must not be used for anything else.
The dynamic storage forms the exact counterpart. Here, the storage locations are not fixed, but changed if necessary. This system offers far more options in terms of flexibility, but is associated with significantly greater organizational effort. Both systems have a common disadvantage: an incorrectly stored article can only be found again with a lot of effort, since it has to be searched for manually.
Advantages and disadvantages of static storage
A statically organized warehouse has allocated shelf spaces for each product. This has the advantage that the storage location of the articles is known at all times. Employees who are familiar with the warehouse can find the goods they need frequently on the shelving system without having to look beforehand.
This form of organization is suitable for warehouses that are managed manually, i.e. do not use a special merchandise management system. Here, however, there is a risk that seasonal items will spend a long time in the warehouse and be damaged in the process. In addition, there can be overload at peak times because unused items occupy valuable storage spaces, but these can only be re-sorted with a lot of effort.
Advantages and disadvantages of dynamic warehousing
Dynamic storage is when each article is re-allocated a space on the shelf when it is stored. This shelf space does not have to be identical for every storage. It is determined on the basis of various criteria so that travel times and space occupancy are optimized. This form of storage allows a significantly higher capacity utilization without any hindrances.
The increased organizational effort, however, makes a clearly structured way of working necessary. A single incorrect entry by an employee can ensure that many storage processes are held up due to a chain reaction. Warehouse management software is usually used to implement a dynamic system in order to avoid such errors.
Choosing the right system
While the static system is generally easier to organize, the dynamic system takes up less space to accommodate the same number of items. Many factors go into the decision for dynamic or static storage. One of the most important factors is the sheer size of the warehouse. The variety of articles, the frequency with which the goods are changed and any seasonal articles also influence the decision for or against dynamic warehousing.
Size of the camp
In the case of small and manageable warehouses with a constant number of items, static warehousing is often sufficient. From a certain size and number of products, however, the organization of manual storage and retrieval becomes too complicated, so that the risk of errors increases. In any case, the use of warehouse management software is worthwhile here. The software is then able to occupy shelf spaces dynamically without significant effort and thus to use the space more effectively.
Adjustments in the range
A constant range with constant consumption results in regular incoming goods. In this case, static storage is sufficient to keep organization costs low. If there are frequently changing goods or seasonal items (Easter, autumn, Christmas), the static system is less suitable. Here, many places remain occupied all year round by articles that are only actually sold for a short period of time. In this case, a dynamic storage system is more suitable.
Selection of the right shelving system
Once the decision has been made in favor of a form of organization, a suitable shelving system must be selected. Dynamic and static warehousing place fundamentally different demands on the shelves. With a static organization, no changes to the shelf are necessary. Once set up, it is only adjusted again in the event of serious renovation work in the warehouse. For use in the static warehouse, bolted shelving systems, wide-span shelving or cantilever racks are available, among other things.
With a dynamic system, the shelving systems should also be more flexible. Many types of shelves can also be supplied as a plug-in version. Here the shelves are only attached to the shelf posts via a plug connection. This allows the floors to be moved quickly and entire groups of shelves to be dismantled and reassembled in a short time. Shelf racks, cantilever racks, wide span racks and pallet racks are available as plug-in racks with increased flexibility.
Dynamic storage vs. static storage
A static warehouse saves time in organization by giving each item a special storage location. This system is easy to organize and therefore cheaper, but wastes a lot of space with changing articles and seasonal goods. A dynamic system reacts to many circumstances and always stores the goods in such a way that the space is used as efficiently as possible and the distances are short. Here, however, specific warehouse management software is essential for organization. So both systems have their advantages and disadvantages. For this reason, it must be decided separately for each warehouse which warehousing will bring the greater benefit. Lagertechnik Direkt will be happy to advise you in this regard!
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