An essay is a short treatise on a scientific question. An essay is an explanatory and argumentative essay in which, in contrast to the term paper, the focus is not on the techniques of scientific work, but on convincing argumentation from the perspective of the author.
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What are the requirements for an essay?
When writing an essay, it is important own ideas to develop and formulate. This should result in an argumentative text about a central scientific question or thesis. It is important to yourself to be brief, clarity and to formulate arguments with little information. A good essay is characterized by the fact that you no stringing together of scientific definitions and theories but other points of view question or rethink can. Evidence of quotations and foreign ideas are still essential. Maintain one in an essay loose writing style and no high-level scientific language, but be careful not to use colloquial language.
It also offers you an essay lots of freedom, including stylistic means such as word games or idioms, but this also means that the requirements and specifications differ from university to university and from lecturer to lecturer. It is best to check with your supervisor in advance what requirements he / she has for an essay.
How do I write an essay correctly?
I. The correct thesis
As with homework, in the case of an essay, you set up a key scientific question or thesis before the actual paperwork. This central question or thesis should take into account a scientific basis, your perspective on your own considerations and the delimitation of the topic.Be specific!
In order to find this central question or thesis, it helps before writing an essay to deal with the topic and pay particular attention to it: What is your opinion on it? What is it that amazes you? What bothers you? What do you see differently?
II. Extent of the literature research
Once the thesis has been established, it is time to take a closer look at the literature research. Opinions differ here. On the one hand, not so much literature should be used that your topic is "thought up". On the other hand, there are also good arguments for thorough research. So the golden way is in the middle for an essay. You will find a reference to that middle within your degree program.
III. Structure and order
You should create a central structure for your essay. Basically, the essay follows the structure “Introduction - Main Part - Conclusion”. But especially for the main part, you should think about which order makes sense for your arguments. Think about which arguments are stronger and highlight them. This structure should be made clear by the text, as sub-headings are rather unusual in the essay.
Tip 1: Use one paragraph for each main thought / argument and formulate smooth transitions.
Tip 2: Use digitization for you. There are enough outstanding software tools on the market for creating essays.
After the actual paperwork, one of the most important points follows: The follow-up. This includes content revision, such as. Orthography, grammar and punctuation, but you should also check whether your arguments are really convincing or whether there are contradictions in your line of argument.
Consider whether changing the order would improve your reasoning, check whether your arguments can be reinforced, and whether you have adequately highlighted the counter-arguments.
As always, it is helpful to have a third party read the essay for you. Ask your proofreaders specifically whether your arguments are conclusive and whether a comprehensible structure can be recognized.
How is an essay structured?
The structure of the essay is actually only divided into the introduction, the main part and the conclusion, whereby you should structure your thoughts and arguments in the main part in a meaningful way
In the introduction, you first present your key question or thesis, here you should narrow down the topic, indicate your own position and, above all, arouse the interest of the reader, because if the lecturer is carried away by your topic from the beginning, it works this certainly does not have a negative effect on the evaluation. It is a good idea to write the introduction at the end of the paperwork, as the focus of your essay can still shift while you are working.
In the main part, you present your argument against or for the thesis or key question. Your position on the topic should be clear and clearly and objectively justified. It is important that you follow a structure of argumentation, refer to your outline for this. The strongest arguments should be in the foreground in the main part of the essay, you should also address counter-arguments and refute them sensibly. Weaker arguments in particular can be underpinned by examples or stylistic devices such as metaphors or comparisons. Dedicate a paragraph to each main idea or argument and combine them with successful transitions.
Always remember in the main part that your reasoning is the most important thing in the essay, so don't dwell on explanations or reproducing the literature for too long. It doesn't make your essay any more interesting.
As in any scientific work, you draw your conclusion in the final part of an essay. To do this, summarize your arguments again and make your opinion on the thesis clear. However, avoid repeating too many arguments and refrain from introducing new arguments. If the thesis allows, you can also provide an outlook on other topics or deeper analyzes.
Photo by Carl Cerstrand
10 steps to the perfect essay
1. Theme:It should be of interest to you first and foremost, as you need to form an opinion about it.
2. Thesis: Make sure that you do not make a general statement, but a contentious point.
3. Literature research:Find out the most important sources and form your opinion on them!
4. Sound arguments: Do not summarize the literature to add, “I agree with you” - Rather, your arguments should also be your own.
5. Meaningful structure: Sort your arguments by weighting, naming the strongest ones first.
6. Correct language:Stick to your outline as you write the essay and try to hit the right note! Avoid too fictitious writing style, but also don't lapse into colloquial language.
7. Thesis-related conclusion:Summarize your argumentation in the final part and find your conclusion, you should refer specifically to the thesis!
8. Introduction at the end:Only formulate your introduction after completing the paperwork! Present your key question here, refer to the priorities set and arouse the reader's interest.
9. Postprocessing:When your essay is finished, check the order and conclusiveness of the arguments! Also, plan enough time to have your essay reviewed by a proofreader.
10. The right tool: Use Auratikum to write the perfect essay! Thanks to the digital writing aid, inspired by the Luhmann card box method, you can create your own essay in next to no time. Try it out for free now!
Header Photo by Chris Spiegl