Cave people were actually hairy

Trending science: I'm an artist, not an uncultivated caveman!

It was previously believed that art is a behavior that only rules our species, something clearly human. That must have been an unattainable ability for our supposedly lower relatives in evolutionary history. Obviously we're not the only ones who express ourselves through art, and it looks like we're not the first either. The Neanderthals painted cave walls long before humans and thus brought art into the world. Did these crooked, raw, hairy and stupid primeval people have an artistic streak? Really? Europe's first painters A new study published in the journal Science shows that the world's oldest known cave paintings were created by Neanderthals, not modern humans. Her cave paintings in Spain - of all places, Pablo Picasso's hometown - were created long before modern humans arrived in Europe. Using the most modern methods, the paintings have been dated to an age of at least 65,000 years or 20,000 years before modern man came to Europe from Africa. Based on this knowledge, the Paleolithic works of art must have been created by Neanderthals, the only people who lived in Europe at the time. The research team found only abstract art forms. Neanderthals are finally leaving their bad image behind. Archaeologists believe that Neanderthals were more developed than is generally assumed, but the findings are inconclusive. At least until now. Alistair Pike, professor of archeology at the University of Southampton, who was one of the directors on the study, told Reuters: "Here we have clear evidence that completely disrupts the image of the Neanderthals as primitive cavemen." The early works of art with symbols, hand outlines and geometric shapes were found in three caves several hundred kilometers apart. To create something like this, special skills were required, such as being able to mix color pigments or to find a suitable place for the picture. The researchers used a precise dating system to determine the exact age of the paintings. For their analyzes, they scraped a few milligrams of calcium carbonate deposits from the paintings. There is also evidence of a long artistic tradition. The Neanderthals apparently used painted seashells as jewelry. According to a second treatise in Science Advances, they also made colored and decorated seashells some 115,000 years ago, which were found in another Spanish cave. The “BBC” quotes Pike as saying: “The question of how humanly the Neanderthals behaved is hotly debated. Our finds make an important contribution to this discussion. "And he adds:" The next big question is: did the Neanderthals also create fine art? We have outlines of hands here, we have a lot of red dots and we have lines like that. Now we want to know whether the pictures show the animals that were hunted back then. "Pike wants to find out how extensive the art of the Neanderthals really was. He plans to date and study cave drawings in France and other countries. His discoveries may have turned research on human evolution on its head, but a question remains that will probably never be answered: what could the Neanderthals have achieved if they had not become extinct some 40,000 years ago than their direct ones? Ancestors settled in Europe?

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