Is the book grammatically correct here
Paul got / got / received a book as a present - Are all three verbs possible here? - To get-Passive and style level
To get, Obtain other receive are used as auxiliary verbs for the so-called to get-Passive interchangeable in many sentences:
Paul got a book as a gift.
Paul received a book as a present.
[Berliner Zeitung, January 10, 2005, p. 28]
M. has turned 33, he was given a lamp that makes colored light.
[the daily newspaper, January 21, 2014, p. 24]
Anyone who redeems the voucher this week will receive a great book for free.
[Nordkurier, April 23, 2014, p. 19]
[Mannheimer Morgen, 03/11/2014, p. 25]
She gets a medal from each carnival delegation, so that the Chancellor has problems with her balance in the long run.
[FOCUS, 02/24/2014, pp. 10-11]
Traditionally, after the princess, Mayor March was the first to receive the new medal.
[Mannheimer Morgen, January 8, 2013, p. 15]
Animal filmmakers are given a second life in Chemnitz.
Animal filmmakers are given a second life in Chemnitz.
After the athlete was clinically dead for 78 minutes, his rapid recovery borders on a miracle. Especially since he has to feel as if he has been given a second life, the kicker should enjoy his special day to the fullest today.
But when you hear sentences like: You will get one glued / wiped straight away (a slap / slap) or At the end of the ceremony, the outgoing Admiral received a medal from the Federal President, you get the feeling that something is not quite right. From a purely grammatical point of view, these sentences are correct, but there is a break in style in both sentences that makes you smile a bit. One would in the first sentence receive by get replace and in the second got byreceived, there would be nothing wrong with the sentences. Both sentences are also inconspicuous if you start with the first sentence get and in the second sentencegot would use.
At the end of the ceremony, the outgoing admiral received a medal from the Federal President.
What is the current usage?
In general it can be stated that when searching through the corpora of the Institute for German Language or on the WWW to get is by far the most common, then surprisingly receive and finallyObtain. This finding is a bit strange because it is said again and again that that to get-Passive generally belongs to a more relaxed style of speech, receive but of the three verbs is the one that belongs to a higher language class and Obtain fits more into a casual style in the spoken language. To get is in the middle. That Obtain so little is probably related to the fact that one is also dealing with written texts on the WWW, even if, for example, in chat rooms it is often a rather relaxed, conceptually oral writing style. The very high number of receipts with to get otherreceive but also shows that to get-Has become passively 'socially acceptable'.
|get given||Google: 771,000||IDS: 8.089|
|received as a gift||Google: 19,500||IDS: 193|
|get free||Google: 6,760||IDS: 76|
|get presented||Google: 72,700||IDS: 1.538|
|received||Google: 39,900||IDS: 17|
|get handed over||Google: 307||IDS: 3|
[Status: February 2016]
In addition to the different levels of style to which these three verbs belong and which influence their use, there is another special feature of the use of the verbreceive as an auxiliary verb of to get-Passive: certain verbs are not used with receive used. For rant z. B. there is no evidence in either the IDS corpora or the Google textsreceive, but with Obtain (IDS: 8 / Google: 222) or with to get (IDS: 15 / Google: 4,520).
[The Rhine Palatinate, April 9, 2014]
Scolding is also a kind of attention in this situation and the dog would rather be scolded than not get any attention at all.
Then the happiness is over very quickly, and we get badly scolded.
[Rhein newspaper. 12/16/2013]
One gets scolded or a detention, the other only a loving addition.
Other verbs or verbal expressions that start with to get otherObtainbut not with receive be used:
[The Rhine Palatinate, 02/28/2014]
I've lived in Berlin for 28 years and have so far seen four pickpockets, five bicycles stolen and two break-ins.
Again and again Fox gets hit in the face with a pillow, is thrown on the floor, and is choked.
[Die Zeit (online edition), May 6, 2004, p. 15]
During the black-and-white discussion that we experienced again today, some people seemed to me like defiant children who had their beloved wooden toys knocked out of their hands and who are now stomping on the floor in anger and saying: The world is unjust .
[Minutes of the session of the parliament of the Hessian state parliament on March 7, 2012]
A goal that should not remain without consequences for Mündersbach's players. Meuer: "Some get their heads washed on Monday."
[Rhein-Zeitung, March 17, 2008; Mündersbach lacks the ideas]
After his disappointing performance in the 15-kilometer cross-country skiing, Norwegian Martin Johnsrud Sundby got his head washed by his mother: "You are the worst Norwegian," grumbled Gro Johnsrud Langslet on Norwegian television.
[Mannheimer Morgen, 02/17/2014, p. 8th]
Why are there no examples here? receive?
To get other Obtain have in their function as an auxiliary verb to form the to get-Passives have largely lost their original meaning. Of the three verbs to get, Obtain other receive Has receive but least of all lost its original meaning. It can only work with verbs that do not contradict this meaning, such as B. give, to send, send, hand over orhang aroundto be used well.
To use to get other Obtain with verbs that mean the opposite of 'get', see He got his wallet stolen at the train station.
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