How can one improve rhotacism?

Dyslalia

"Dyslalia" is the disorder of articulation in which individual sounds, sound combinations or groups of sounds are missing, replaced by others or formed incorrectly. However, these days this is an outdated term. These disorders are currently summarized under "phonation disorder": Sigmatism ("s"), Schetism ("sch"), Rhotazism ("r"), Cappazism ("k"), Gammazism ("g"), Chitism ("ch "), Lambdazism (" l "), KT stammering, phonological disorder etc.

What is meant by "phonation disorder" and its causes:

Phonetic disorders are divided into phonetic and phonological disorders.

The phonetic disorder is a speech disorder and means that one or more sounds are articulatory malformed or replaced by a sound that does not occur in the mother tongue.

The phonological disorder is a speech disorder in which the affected sound can be formed in isolation and speech motor, but it does not work in the linguistic context.

The possible causes of a sound formation disorder: family-related, hearing and hearing perception, organic-related (malformations, paralysis, injuries to the organs of articulation), disorders in (oral) tactile-kinesthetic perception, motor clumsiness of speech tools, vision and visual perception (rather subordinate role - means that the child also attains the sound by orienting himself towards the face of the mouth), lack of linguistic stimulation, central sound formation disorder (in early childhood developmental / cerebral movement disorders).

Peripheral hearing enables hearing, comparing, checking and correcting sounds. Even a small hearing loss of 30 dB can lead to a sound disturbance. Frequent middle ear infections or ENT diseases in childhood pose a risk here.

Central auditory processing is particularly affected in the case of phonological disorders. Even if the peripheral hearing is normal, the child has problems processing speech sounds adequately (e.g. problems with auditory attention, auditory memory, auditory discrimination, etc.).

Treatment methods

At the beginning of the therapy, a diagnosis is carried out that provides information as to whether it is a phonetic or phonological disorder and which sounds or groups of sounds are affected. An individual therapy program is created on this basis. Areas of exercise are - depending on the disorder - hearing training, oral motor skills, work on the individual sounds, special therapy concepts for restructuring the speech sound system in the case of phonological disorders (the focus here is primarily on auditory perception and phonological awareness ). A well-motivated child (also motivated parents) and regular practice at home are an important basis for successful therapy.