What is the sex of the mare

The horse sexes

Mare, gelding, stallion - what exactly does that mean and what are the typical characteristics of the 3 horse sexes? Find out more here.

Stallions are male, uncastrated horseswhich have a very impressive charisma.
They need a consistently good supply. Due to their pronounced sex drive, they are rather difficult to deal with. Some tend to behave aggressively due to the influence of hormones.
They are also very temperamental and therefore more difficult to handle than geldings.
Stallions that are not to be used in breeding are usually castrated (laid). The castration usually takes place at the age of 2 to 4 years. It is possible up to the age of 6 without any further risks. From the age of 6 the stallions have got used to their hormone levels.

A castration, by which the hormone production is completely stopped, then harbors some risks. The range of possible side effects extends from fatigue
Eating reluctance to the point of complete abandonment on the part of the horse.

Breeding stallions, known as stallions or stallions, have to undergo a licensing so that they can be used in breeding. Then they still have to pass a stallion performance test (HLP).

In whole-blood breeding, this process is called a recognition procedure.

In the case of stallions, a distinction is made between private stallions, state stallions and main stallions.
As the word suggests, the private stallions are owned by
Private individuals
The state stallions are mostly state-owned and are at home in the state stud. Almost half of all stallions in Germany are state stallions. They are made available to the breeders by the state stud. Main stallions are on a main stud and, in contrast to the state stallions, also stay stabled there.

Well-known examples of stallions are:

Goldfever, born in 1991, father: Grosso Z, mother: Gundula, owner: Madeleine Winter-Schulze

Sandro Boy, born in 1993, father: Sandro, mother: Wladora, owner: Judith Gölkel

Sir Donnerhall, born 2001, father: Sandro Hit, mother: Contenance D, owner: M. Paul Schockemöhle



The mare is the female horse.

It is used in all equestrian disciplines, as a workhorse and of course also for breeding. The mare begins to mature between the ages of 12 and 18 months.
However, the first coverage should not take place until the age of 3 years at the earliest, as it has not yet been able to cope with this stress.
Mares roared about every 21-24 days, so they are ready to mate and can be occupied by a stallion. If this does not happen, the horse will subside after about a week and the cycle will start all over again. Some mares are a bit "bitchy" during the steeds due to the hormonal changes, but this usually subsides again as soon as the steed is over. The horse is strongest in spring, its intensity usually decreases towards autumn. Stable horses, however, often roared all year round. The duration and strength of the horses are, however, also strongly related to the weather conditions and the environment in which the mare is located.
A mare's gestation period lasts approximately 11 months (330 to 355 days), depending on the breed, weather and husbandry of the mare.

The foal gets up right after birth, which is very important as horses are escape animals. During the first 3 hours of life, the foal has to drink its first milk, colostrum, which contains important antibodies that protect the foal from diseases.

A mare that has not yet been covered is called a maiden mare.

A mare used for breeding (i.e. brood mare) is entered in the breeding association in the stud book provided for the breed of the mare. This is possible for mares from the age of 3 years.
Of course, mares that are older can also be entered in a stud book (stud book). Depending on the breeding association, mares at the age of 3 or 4 years are subjected to a so-called mare performance test and divided into different classes.
The building, gaits, temperament, type and free jumping are assessed. The highest class in which a mare can be admitted is the state premium.
A foal only receives a pedigree and the breed brand if both parents are entered in a stud book.

Well-known examples of mares are:

Ratina Z, Born 1982, father: Ramiro Z, mother: von Alme, owner: Ludger Beerbaum

Anka, Born 1992, father: Argentinus, mother: Wenke, owner: Gerhard Janssen



Geldings are male, castrated horses.

By castration, they lose their sex drive. They are usually very easy to get along with and easier to use when riding.
They can be integrated into herds quite easily, which is particularly important nowadays, as stallion keeping involves some risks and requires special keeping. Mixed herds of mares and geldings are also common.
Therefore, they are very popular, especially as leisure horses.
Thoroughbreds, especially the racehorses, are seldom castrated because they can still cover after their sports career and make a good profit.



Some of the most famous stallions:

  • Capitol
  • Cassini
  • Contender
  • Espri
  • Goldfever
  • rough diamond
  • Rubinstein
  • Sir Donnerhall
  • Totilas
  • Sandro Boy

Some of the most famous mares:

  • Anka
  • Halla
  • Sabrina
  • Ratina Z

Some of the most famous geldings:

  • Ahlerich
  • meteor
  • Milton
  • Rembrandt
  • Gigolo FRH