Why is philosophy necessary

Why do we still need philosophy today or today?

  Philosophers, in the eyes of many, are smart talkers, smoky heads and phrase-theaters who always talk around the bush and never give clear answers. So why do we still need them today, in the age of computers and high-tech, where only clear answers about functionality and profit estimation are needed? Philosophy is far too unproductive for this time, because it takes a long time to come up with an answer and it is usually unusable anyway. In addition, philosophy hinders the progress of other sciences because it always questions everything. The time of the ancient Greeks, who had enough time for something like that, and the enlightenment are over. Everything that people can think has already been thought, so why think further?

But especially today in a time of discussions about genetic engineering, of ever advancing science and of social chaos, philosophy is needed:
  • In the natural sciences, the limits of what can be explained and imagined are reached. The theories get so complicated that it is easy to lose touch with reality. What does a formula for calculating the probable location of an electron say about reality? Can it be possible to find a "world formula"? Physics cannot answer these and similar questions, but philosophy can, at least in part. Philosophy thinks about the relation to reality of the natural sciences.
  • Physics also comes to places where it runs out of answers, for example: What was before the Big Bang? At the moment you can't say anything precise about this question, you can only philosophize.
  • Philosophy takes precedence over all individual sciences. She sees the general, the similar in them and relates this to man.
  • Progress in practical science also raises many unanswered questions: If it should be possible to build a robot that acts like a human, are humans still special? Or is that not possible at all? Bioethics is also becoming increasingly important. The more that becomes possible in genetic engineering, the more important the question of what defines humans becomes. Is it really just the genes?
  • Man needs some kind of orientation in life. The first people had their natural religions very early on. In Europe there has been the Christian faith as a guide for the past two thousand years. Nowadays the religions seem implausible to many people. They no longer fit in with society and science. That is why many are looking for new attitudes to life, for a purpose in life or a reason to get up every day.
  • The world view is no longer given by a higher authority such as the church or the state, or they are no longer accepted; everyone has to find their own view of the world. One can find this through philosophizing.
  • Sects give dogmatic answers to the above questions. If you philosophize yourself, you will get your own answers and will not easily accept the dogmatic, given answers. Philosophy is therefore also protection from sects.
  • Even in our time there are still many unanswered questions that are waiting for an answer. What's the meaning of life? What happens after death? These are questions that preoccupy many people and for which they are looking for an answer. There are no general, always true answers to these questions. Everyone has to answer that for themselves.
  • In contrast to democracy, the earlier forms of society were organized hierarchically. Everyone had their position and hardly had a chance to change it. The transition from one type of society to the next was automatic; it was not consciously enforced. Thought has been going on since the bourgeois revolution: The French state after the revolution in 1789 was discussed, debated and philosophized for a long time. Karl Marx and the communists also tried to fathom the causes of the social problems of humanity and to eliminate them. If you want to make the world a better place these days, there is no getting around philosophizing.