Where is the city of Toledo

Toledo - The medieval metropolis of Castile

The story of Toledo

Toledo has a long history that goes back to the time of the Celtiberians. In 192 BC Chr the Roman general Marco Fulbio Nobilior subjugated an already existing settlement of the Carpetans on the site of today's Toledo and then founded the military outpost of Toletum there. This settlement developed into an important Roman city due to the rich iron ore deposits in the area. Toledo became a stronghold of the blacksmith's trade, so first the Roman army was supplied with high-quality blades and later, for example, Charles V. During the migration period, Toledo was first conquered by the Alans and later by the Visigoths. Toletum became a political and religious center under those Visigoths. The city was made an archbishopric (18 Christian councils met here between AD 400 and 702) and was henceforth the capital of the Visigoth Empire.

In 712 Toledo was captured by the Moors and incorporated into the Cordoba Caliphate. Later it was even the capital of the typhoon kingdom of the Serbian Dhun Nunids. Also the reconquest in 1085 by the Spaniards under Alfono VI. (Reconquista) did not noticeably hinder the development of the city. Toledo was named the capital of the Kingdom of Castile as early as 1087 and remained the center of political power in Spain until the 16th century. Only when King Philip II moved his residence to Madrid 70 km away in 1561 did the power and influence of Toledo wane.