Why does Russia introduce sovereign internet law?

Humboldt University of Berlin - Faculty of Law

The graduate school "Constitution Beyond the State: From the European to the Global Legal Community?" Was devoted to questions of the validity of law and a constitutionalization on a global level - against the background of European experiences. It gave young scientists a framework and instructions for research in structured doctoral training. The predominantly legal orientation was flanked on an interdisciplinary basis by integrating historians, philosophers and political scientists. Close cooperation with foreign partner institutes, an obligatory research stay abroad for German doctoral candidates, and the admission of up to a third of foreign members underlined the international orientation of the college, as it was required by the topic.

The college combined the experience of renowned experts with the creativity of the next generation in the range of topics from constitutional theory, comparison and history, European and international law, the philosophical foundations and political implications to modern governance theories. The basic topic was the legal consequences of the compression and networking of the relationships between people in the globalized world, the law as an instrument for maintaining peace between people, peoples and states.

The development of the EU as a legal community leads to the question of whether this concept can be considered globally: Is Europe a model or a counterpoint to the development of a global legal order? Counter-movements towards the return to the classical sovereign nation-state must be considered, and the state as a central regulatory factor remains indispensable even in a global multi-level system. However, its role is likely to be subject to changes that must be viewed in the light of “multilevel constitutionalism” or other new theoretical approaches.

The research program was embedded in a demanding study program to impart the skills required for later professional life, to debate methods and content. Specialists from all over the world discussed their projects and ideas with the doctoral candidates. Networks were formed here as at regular conferences. Integrated into the unique scientific landscape of Berlin and surrounded by the Bundestag, Bundesrat and ministries, the college mediated between theory and practice of law and politics. Intensive quality management ensured the continuous development of the research program and qualification concept.

The Research Training Group started its work in April 2006 and has been funded for a further 4.5 years until March 2015 since the successful renewal application in October 2010. 32 scholarship holders, 7 short-term and graduation scholarship holders and 11 associated fellows were funded.

Research program

The college deals with the legal conditions, developments and consequences of the intensification of relationships between people in the course of globalization, with the law as an instrument to preserve peace and promote prosperity between people, peoples and their states, and with the social and political aspects of the dynamization of global development.

These developments, as well as a number of new publications, make it clear that the establishment and enforcement of law in the supranational area is gaining in importance worldwide and the debate about constitutionalization on a global level is growing in intensity and dynamism. The college made a contribution to this and endeavors to find building blocks for a workable theoretical framework for a global constitution, a worldwide constitutionalism.

The present results of the dissertations of the first funding period resulted in two overarching discussion and work strands, which built on the previous thematic priorities of the college and were at the center of the work of the second funding phase:

  • One strand comprised the comparative analysis of the concept of the constitution and the constitutionalization processes from the perspective of “multilevel constitutionalism” and “multilevel governance”. It was not only examined which elements exactly shape the European model of constitutionalism, but also in particular whether the European model of the constitutional alliance could be a possible template for a constitution of the international system.
  • The second strand deals with the hurdles, opposing forces and tendencies that stand in the way of a “Europeanization” or “internationalization” of the constitutional idea in its philosophical, historical, legal and political dimensions. What are these forces? What alternative scenarios are conceivable besides (partial) constitutionalization beyond the state?

Central research idea and general topic

The focus of the college was on questions of the validity and effectiveness of law on a global level. It was about the conditions, the driving forces, but also the opposing forces of a constitutionalization of the world community. In view of the intensification of the relationships between people, peoples and states, caused by globalization and the migration of trade, financial markets, communication or even environmental degradation, and with a view to old and new security risks such as internationally organized crime, terrorism or decay states were asked about the possibilities and modalities of a common legal order. The guiding principle was: Trust and peace through law, worldwide, as an answer to the growing together of global society. When talking about a constitution beyond the state, it should be about the position of the person in their legal relationship to the political institutions on the various levels, with a view to the question of the conditions and structures of a global legal community.

The experiences of the constitutional process in the European Union were the background, but possibly also the counterpoint of the topic. Developments, such as can be seen in the judgments of the Federal Constitutional Court on the Lisbon Treaty and the euro rescue package, showed that the idea of ​​the constitution is by no means set beyond the state. The analysis of the opposing forces and the search for alternatives were therefore given special attention.

This is even more true on a global level. The constitutional idea of ​​the (Western) European cultural area does not have to correspond to that of other cultural areas, the role of the state in Europe does not have to correspond to that in Latin America, Africa or East Asia. In Europe today, the state is regularly thought of as the guarantor of law, but its role is often the opposite. On the one hand, supranational instruments for the protection of human rights, the instruments of the UN, the "responsibility to protect" and international criminal law, bilateral agreements and development partnerships are used as safeguards. Their conditions and functions need to be clarified. On the other hand, there are divergences between officially agreed normative claims - such as the preservation of human dignity - and social reality. The controversies about “culture” and “religion” are well known, but they are also debated as the “culturalization” of tangible political disputes (including Brubaker, Rogers, Ethnicity without Groups. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2004).

It is important to analyze precisely here. These observations lead to the fundamental question: Under what conditions do local conditions and law combine so that law becomes a lived social reality, “legal culture”? Which differences are relevant in the various regions of the world? (David Carnations Comparing Legal Cultures. Dartmouth: Aldershot, 1997)

In particular, comparative studies on the role of law, constitution and state, politics and civil society in grown and changing societies try to provide information. In addition, there is the more recent work on a revived human rights anthropology (Goodale, Mark, and Engle Merry, Sally (eds.), The Practice of Human Rights: Tracking Law Between the Global and the Local, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , 2007). Historical aspects play no less a role than specific social, political and economic conditions and developments. Basically, the renaissance of the classical model of the state - which originated in Europe - will have to be confronted in parts of the world with the insight, which in turn originates primarily from Europe, into the necessity of reviewing national sovereignty ideas and the growing international conditionality of statehood.

The question of the nature, concept and function of the constitution is just as important as the basis of this, as is the growing importance of civil society power factors, especially globally networked associations and companies, including their inclusion in a model of multifactorial regulation or “Governance”. A publicly responsible, democratically legitimized administration must also be viewed in view of the growing networking of national administrative systems in the “global administrative network”. Correspondingly, courts and parliaments are formed and networked in alliances, so that states have recently been referred to as “disaggregated states” and sovereignty loses its old meaning (A.-M. Slaughter, A New World Order, 2004). Beyond these phenomena, the new structures and consequences of the so-called “Internet governance”, the function of the Internet in the development of transnational communities and the new possibilities for cross-border control of political processes are coming to the fore. This does not remain without consequences for the concept and function of the constitution (Milton Mueller "The Internet and Global Governance: Principles and Norms for a New Regime", Global Governance 13: 2007)

Research modules - thematic working groups

The research training group approached the questions outlined in this way as part of its four research modules:

  • Module 1: Theoretical Access (Coordinator: Prof. Dr. Christoph Möllers)
  • Module 2: Constitutional Comparison and Legal Migration (Coordinator: Prof. Dr. Susanne Baer)
  • Module 3: Laboratory Europe (Coordinator: Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Ingolf Pernice)
  • Module 4: Global Perspectives (Coordinator: Prof. Dr. Georg Nolte)

Each of the modules illuminated the general topic from a special perspective. The work in the module allowed the in-depth study of the aspect in question in a smaller group. Accordingly, the modules were organized and coordinated as thematic working groups under the direction of a sponsor. They made it possible to present relevant literature, to discuss specific methodological questions and to bring the research topics and projects of the participating institutions into connection with the work of the colleagues.

Qualification concept

In addition to promoting the individual doctoral projects, the qualification program of the Graduate School aimed at interdisciplinary understanding and the acquisition of specialist knowledge, methodological skills, key qualifications and practical experience at home and abroad - with a view to future professions of the course members in research and teaching, at international organizations, non-governmental organizations or in government agencies with an international dimension as well as in international companies. It was based on a differentiated study program with contact also with practitioners and the obligatory research stay abroad. This was the main added value compared to doing a doctorate "on your own". The program promoted the - also international - communication skills of doctoral candidates and supported independent research through internal and external dialogue, promoted openness for interdisciplinary work, networking skills, imparted international experience and key qualifications.

Study program

The course program of the college was offered in German and, depending on the speaker, in English and was based on three pillars:

  • The first pillar was made up of scientific seminars in which the sponsors, but mainly guests from home and abroad, gave presentations on their research projects and discussed their current projects and ideas with the fellows. They were open to the university. Concepts, conditions, design options and limits of supranational constitution based on the differences and similarities of the national regulations should not only be explored theoretically, but also captured in practice using concrete examples. These seminars offered the opportunity to establish personal contacts with selected top researchers and practitioners from all over the world as part of individual career strategies.
  • The second pillar was internal group work in modules and plenary sessions. This strengthened the direct interaction between doctoral students, supervisors and sponsors, including associates. The focus of the internal colloquia was on the progress reports of the college members. At regular intervals, the colleagues reported on the status of their research project and the central questions that arose. This is where the graduate school developed its special interdisciplinary inspiration and creative potential. The cross-generational scientific discourse should also be reflected here in the form of concrete and topic-centered problem discourses. The internal events were the engine of the college work; the otherwise quite different topics came together here in terms of method and content.
  • The third pillar comprised the area of ​​key qualifications. Here, the colleagues were equipped with the methodological skills they need for their dissertation and later for their work in the international world of work. The basis was initially an introduction to the way of thinking and working, theoretical approaches and methods of the disciplines involved. In addition, there were successively courses tailored to technical skills and - towards the end of the respective funding period - more professionally qualifying events. The training in key qualifications was flanked by promoting the acquisition and improvement of foreign language skills and communication skills. Most of the events were carried out in cooperation with the Humboldt Graduate School (HGS).

Participation in the study program was fundamentally mandatory for the fellows, apart from the time spent on research abroad.

Further qualification measures

The qualification program of the Graduate School finally included the mandatory six-month research stay abroad. Depending on the question of their work, the fellows worked as guest researchers at a foreign university or research institution, but were also able to gain the necessary experience as part of a research stage at an international organization. In dialogue with foreign scholars and experts from practice, they should strengthen their critical ability and creativity, gain an insight into alternative working methods and scientific organization in other countries and develop their skills in dealing with foreign literature. A research stage at an international organization was particularly suitable for those college members who deal with the structure or reform of the European Union or an international organization. The work on site ensured that the considerations and research results have the necessary reference to reality. It was not about an “internship” in the classic sense, but about practical experience and practical contact as the basis of the scientific work. Discussions and interviews with colleagues, participation in projects and the possibility of research in the special libraries and archives on site were essential for some topics. The exact conditions were negotiated depending on the individual case. The research stay abroad was optional for foreign colleagues.

In addition, the expansion of foreign language skills as a prerequisite for meaningful research in the field of the general topic as well as supplementary events were recommended to the students, but without being part of the compulsory program. Knowledge of foreign languages ​​and experience abroad are not only essential for good research in the field of the general topic, but also significantly increase future career opportunities.

Care concept

Each member of the college was supervised by at least two scientists, at least one of whom had to be a member of the college. Regular supervision by two people should ensure a constant and intensive dialogue with experienced scientists, secure interdisciplinary perspectives for relevant projects and - in accordance with the international standards of doctoral studies - prevent excessive dependencies on individuals. The module division was taken into account in the allocation. Regular supervision by two supervisors should ensure constant and intensive dialogue with experienced scientists. The associated sponsors could also act as supervisors.

Especially for foreign doctoral candidates, a "co-tutelle" including a supervisor from the partner university was possible, provided that a corresponding agreement existed between the supervising faculty of the Humboldt University and the partner university. The coordination team of the Graduate School in cooperation with the Humboldt Graduate School offered further practical support during the move to Berlin.

The appointment about supervision was made with the doctoral students, if possible, during the selection process, taking into account the module division. It resulted in a written supervision agreement between the first supervisor and the new member of the college. The agreement specified the mutual rights and obligations, in particular the modalities and the likely frequency of individual supervisory interviews as well as the subject matter, methods, schedule and likely completion of the doctoral project.

Part of the supervision concept were the accompanying scientific discourse in modules and the discussion of the progress reports in the plenary session of the college. The latter encouraged the doctoral candidates to specify the steps of their research within a sufficient period of time and to present them to the colleges for public discussion.

Members

In addition to the 15 scholarship holders, up to five associated doctoral students, most of whom came to Berlin for a period of six months, did research at the Graduate School. All of them were supported by our five employees. Together with the sponsors, they were also responsible for the design of the scientific program.

Guest membership at the college could last 3-6 months. The visiting doctoral students were treated on an equal footing with the other fellows and received a job, but no DFG scholarship. Associated doctoral students were treated on an equal footing with the other fellows and received a job, but no DFG scholarship.

Postdoc scholarship holders:

  • Janina Sombetzki
    (Philosophy)
    The concept of a policy of responsibility in critical examination of Hannah Arendt.
    Funding period: 09 / 2009-09 / 2012 (doctorate) and 10 / 2012-04 / 2013 (postdoc)
  • Stefan Skupien
    (Political science)
    Climate protection goals as an avenue to global constitutionalism? Transnational / Local Protests and the Use of Law in Land Conflicts.

Scholarship holders:

  • Jonathan Bauerschmidt
    (Law)
    The use of EU organs in the case of differentiated integration.
  • Frank Beyersdorf
    (History)
    The International Construction of World Information Orders 1919-1948.
    Funding period: 11/2011 - 12/2012
  • Matteo Bozzon
    (Philosophy)
    Which political and legal terms for a European constitution?
  • Matilda Chatzipanagiotou
    (Law)
    Human dignity in a multicultural legal society.
    Funding period: 09/2009 - 09/2012
  • Theresa Clasen
    (Philosophy)
    “Social glue” as a condition of the political.
  • Julia Domnick
    (Law)
    The external influence of constitutional processes in post-conflict situations by the international community - an internationalization of the Pouvoir Constituant?
  • Christian Eckart
    (Law)
    Promises of States under International Law.
    Funding period: 11/2006 - 11/2009
  • Alexander Eisenfeld
    (Law)
    The legal institution of transnational administrative decision-making in the European Community.
    Funding period: 09/2009 - 09/2012
  • Benjamin von Engelhardt
    (Law)
    Legitimation of the World Trade Organization.
    Funding period: 12/2006 - 12/2009
  • Julia Katharina Engels
    (Political science)
    The coordination of monetary, wage and fiscal policy within the framework of the European macroeconomic dialogue.
  • Lena Freilang
    (Law)
    Promotion of Democracy and Human Rights in EU External Relations: Legal Issues.
    Funding period: 09/2009 - 09/2013
  • Manuel Eduardo Góngora-Mera
    (Law)
    Inter-American Judicial Constitutionalism: On the Constitutional Rank of Human Rights Treaties in Latin America through National and Inter-American Adjudication.
    Funding period: 06/2006 - 06/2009
  • Usama Muwafak Ibrahim child
    (Political science)
    On the conditions of the legitimate creation of legal norms beyond the state. Contribution of the discourse theory of law.
  • Viktor Kessler
    (Law)
    State corporations in Russia. A legal and economic analysis.
    Funding period: 09/2009 - 09/2012
  • Ewa Kloska
    (Law)
    The principle of mutual recognition of judicial decisions in criminal matters - content and limits of the principle of recognition in Europe.
    Funding period: 09/2009 - 09/2012
  • Patrick Knaeble
    (Law)
    European customs law in the area of ​​tension between harmonization required by WTO law and procedural autonomy of member states - direct enforcement of European customs law by a European customs authority?
    Funding period: 09/2009 - 03/2011
  • Sarah was
    (Law)
    Is human trafficking a "women's issue"? A critical analysis of international, European and national regulatory instruments to combat human trafficking and their interaction in a transnational context.
    Funding period: 06/2006 - 06/2009
  • Chia Lehnardt
    (Law)
    State responsibility in connection with the conduct of private military companies.
    Funding period: 11/2006 - 11/2009
  • Isabelle Ley
    (Law / Political Science)
    The political in the post-national constellation - development and application of a constitutional theoretical concept following Hannah Arendt and Claude Lefort.
    Funding period: 11/2006 - 11/2009
  • Wulf Loh
    (Philosophy)
    Tradition and modernity - Rawls' right of the peoples between the conventional theoretical lines of political philosophy and the requirements of a post-national world order.
    Funding period: 09/2009 - 04/2012
  • Pamela Luckau
    (Political science)
    One size fits all? The EU’s Principle of Conditionality towards the Western Balkans.
    Funding period: 11/2006 - 11/2009
  • Robert Piotr Mężyk
    (Law)
    The European Union and the financial crisis: the financial assistance mechanisms, how they work and their consequences for the community.
  • Martin Mlynarski
    (Law)
    Constitutional identity.
  • Johanna Margarethe Müller
    (Philosophy)
    Established Global Citizenship - A Rehabilitation of Normative Universalism in Global Modernity.
  • Manuel Müller, M.A.
    (History)
    Constitutionalization without Constitutional Awareness: The Dynamics of Public Debate on Negotiating and Ratifying the Treaty on European Union (1989-1993).
    Funding period: 11/2009 - 09/2013 (of which grant 01/2012 - 12/2012)
  • Benedikt Naarmann
    (Law)
    The protection of religion and religious communities by criminal law in international comparison.
    Funding period: 11/2006 - 11/2009
  • Anke Ortmann
    (Law)
    Does need know the commandment? The crisis-related change in the sanction system to enforce budgetary discipline in the euro member states on the primary law test bench.
  • Christopher Peters
    (Law)
    The later practice of international organizations - the United Nations as a model?
    Funding period: 09/2009 - 04/2012
  • Jan Hauke ​​Plaßmann
    (Political science)
    Democracy beyond which state? An analysis and criticism of the image of the state in the debate about democracy beyond the state as a starting point for conceptually and normatively necessary reorientations.
  • Christina Reimann
    (History)
    Transnational constitutional culture in the late 19th century.
    Funding period: 09/2009 - 09/2012
  • Martin Rempe
    (History)
    Development under control? The development policy of the European Economic Community in Senegal 1957-75.
    Funding period: 11/2006 - 11/2009
  • Joanna Rzeznik
    (Law)
    Legal position of states other than injured states in the law of responsibility of states.
    Funding period: 09/2009 - 03/2010
  • Osvaldo Saldias Collao
    (Political Science / Law)
    Supranational Jurisprudence as Agent of Regional Integration. The European Court of Justice and the Andean Court of Justice in comparison.
    Funding period: 11/2006 - 11/2009
  • Julia Scaramuzza
    (History)
    Internationalizing the National - The Self-Definition of a Nation under the Conditions of a United Nations Transitional Administration: UNTAET (United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor, 1999-2002)
    Funding period: 09/2009 - 09/2012
  • Tillmann Schneider
    (Law)
    Legal pluralism in Ghana.
    Funding period: 01/2007 - 01/2010
  • Jasmin Siedentopp
    (Political science)
    To what extent does the executive heaviness of the European Union force the Bundestag to exert informal influence on European legislative projects and how is this to be assessed from a democratic-theoretical point of view?
    Funding period: - 1/2014
  • Stefan Skupien
    (Politics)
    African Contributions to Democratic Theory: The Consensus Ethic Kwasi Wiredu as an examination of models of majority democracy.
    Funding period: 09/2009 - 09/2012
  • Patricia Sarah Stöbener, LL.M.
    (Law Sciences)
    The tension between subjective rights and the distribution of competencies in the European Union.
    Funding period: 9/2011 - 10/2012
  • Thorsten Thiel
    (Political science)
    Political Action and Institutionalization - Considerations on the Integrative Effect of Constitution-Making.
    Funding period: 06/2006 - 06/2009
  • Johannes Thumfart
    (Philosophy)
    Francisco de Vitoria's global political philosophy.
    Funding period: 06/2006 - 06/2009
  • Christopher Unseld
    (Law)
    On the importance of the third-party effect of EU fundamental rights.
  • Yoan Vilain
    (Law)
    Constitutional limits of decentralization in France and Germany.
    Funding period: 09/2009 - 12/2012
  • Ruslana Vovk
    (Law)
    The openness of the Ukrainian constitutional order to intergovernmental cooperation and European integration.
    Funding period: 06/2006 - 06/2009
  • Yuanyuan Wang
    (Law)
    Judicial independence in China and Germany.
    Funding period: 11/2006 - 11/2009

Short-term scholarship holders:

  • Tanja Abendschein-Angerstein
    (Political science)
    Legalizing International Relations - Does International Legalization Promote or Impede Democratic Participation in International Institutions? The Example of Biotechnological Patents.
    Funding period: 04/2013 - 09/2013
  • Dr. Maria Decheva
    (Law)
    Research on European constitutional law under the academic supervision of Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Ingolf Pernice
    Funding period: 07/2010 - 12/2011
  • Anna Dost
    (Law)
    The relationship of the regulation of central power and individual subjects (using the example of the RFSR).
    Funding period: 09/2006 - 03/2007
  • Elaine Mak
    (Law)
    Constitutional aspects of the judicial organization in the Netherlands, France and Germany.
    Funding period: 11/2006 - 08/2007
  • Laura Muzi
    (Law Sciences)
    Common Goods: Prospects for Legitimate Regulation
    Funding period: 10/2011 - 11/2011
  • Ravi Afonso Pereira
    (Law)
    Who Guards the European Guardians? - European Regulatory Agencies and Global Administrative Law.
    Funding period: 09/2006 - 02/2007
  • Jochen Rauber
    (Law)
    Structural Change as Change of Principles - Considerations on a Principle Model of the International Legal Order.
    Funding period: 04/2014 - 09/2014
  • Alejandro Rodiles
    (Law)
    Coalitions of the Willing and the Global Rule of Law.
    Funding period: 04/2014 - 09/2014
  • Peter Staubach
    (Law)
    The interpretation of international law by national courts
    Funding period: 5/2011 - 10/2011
  • Solongo Wandan
    (Political science)
    Making New Rights: Popular Constitution Making Agency and Democratic Transitions.
    Funding period: 10 / 2013-2 / 2014

Associates:

  • Tatjana Chionos
    (Law)
    The dissolution of conceptual analogies from national legal systems in international law - On the rationality of international law.
  • Philippe Gérard
    (Law)
    The German Federal Constitutional Court as guardian of normative sovereignty in a complex European legal order: problems and theoretical framework.
    Funding period: 10/2010 - 03/2011
  • Kathrin Hamenstädt
    (Law)
    "The Margin of Discretion in European Expulsion Decisions".
    Funding period: 10/2012 - 01/2013
  • Anna Jasiak
    (Law)
    Constitutional Constraints on Ad Hoc Legislation. A comparative study of the United States, Germany and the Netherlands.
    Funding period: 04/2008 - 08/2008
  • Daniel Kuchler
    (Political science)
    The Grammar of Republican Theory. The Relevance of Meta-Theory for the Republican Theories of Habermas and Arendt.
  • Julia Lieb
    (Political science)
    The institutional change in EU diplomacy.
    Funding period: 11/2006 - 11/2008
  • Henriette Litta
    (Political science)
    Environmental Effectiveness in Southeast Asia.
    Funding period: 10/2007 - 10/2009
  • Elisa Maria Lotz
    (Law)
    Regional and national models for the legal control of UN Security Council resolutions against the background of the Rule of Law.
    Funding period: 08/2007 - 11/2009
  • Kolja Möller
    (Politics)
    Global constitutionalism. The constituent power of social democracy in the post-national constellation.
    Funding period: 09/2013 - 09/2013
  • Müschfig Mammadov
    (Law)
    The secession conflicts in the post-Soviet space and the right of peoples to self-determination.
    Funding period: 12/2007 - 2009
  • Denis Preshova
    (Law Sciences)
    Between (Non) Complementarity and (In) Compatibility: Constitutional Courts in the Era of European Integration (working title)
    Funding period: 11/2011 - 03/2012
  • Jan Scharlau
    (Law)
    Socially Responsible Investment - The German and European legal framework.
    Funding period: 10/2006 - 05/2009
  • Dana Schmalz
    (Law)
    Citizens of the world on the run? About conditions and possibilities for the democratic inclusion of refugees
  • Christian Syrian
    (Law)
    The investigative role of the European Parliament.
    Funding period: 05/2010 - 09/2010
  • Yoan Vilain
    (Law)
    Constitutional limits of decentralization in France and Germany.
    Funding period: 07/2007 - 09/2009
  • Benedict Vischer, MA, MLaw
    (Philosophy / law)

Scientific coordination:

  • Dr. Miroslav Angelov, LL.M.
  • Dr. Detlef von Daniels
  • Dr. Anne Faber
  • Dr. Ulrike Höppner
  • Dr. Ann-Katrin Kaufhold
  • Dr. des Osvaldo Saldias, M.A., lic. iur
  • Johanna Sprondel
  • Prof. Dr. Daniel Thym, LL.M. (London)
  • Dr. Lars viellechner, LL.M. (Yale)
  • Dr. Christian people
  • Dr. Mattias Wendel, Maître en droit

Administrative coordination:

  • Julia Wunderer
  • Rüdiger Schwarz

Coordination of finances:

Student staff:

  • Sayid Bayoumi Aly
  • Catharina Caspari, M.A.
  • Robert Eismann
  • Iulia Ionescu, LL.M.
  • Hannfried Leisterer
  • Roman Kowolik
  • Anke Ortmann
  • Sarah Paulat

speaker

  • Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Ingolf Pernice
    Chair of Public Law, European and International Law
    Law Faculty
    Humboldt University of Berlin

Porters

  • Prof. Dr. Susanne Baer, ​​LL.M.
    Judge at the Federal Constitutional Court
    Chair of Public Law and Gender Studies
    Law Faculty
    Humboldt University of Berlin
  • Prof. Dr. Tanja A. Börzel
    Jean Monnet Chair and Head of the European Integration Unit
    Otto Suhr Institute for Political Science
    Free University of Berlin
  • Prof. Dr. iur. Dr. phil. Stefan Grundmann, LL.M.
    Chair for civil law, German, European and international private and commercial law
    Law Faculty
    Humboldt University of Berlin
  • Prof. Dr. Rahel Jaeggi
    Chair for Practical Philosophy, Social and Legal Philosophy
    Philosophical Faculty I.
    Humboldt University of Berlin
  • Prof. Dr. Mattias Kumm
    Research professorship “Rule of Law in the Age of Globalization” at the WZB Berlin for social research
    Law Faculty
    Humboldt University of Berlin
  • Prof. Dr. Gabriele Metzler
    Chair for the History of Western Europe and Transatlantic Relations
    Philosophical Faculty I.
    Humboldt University of Berlin
  • Prof. Dr. Christoph Möllers
    Chair for public law, especially constitutional law, and legal philosophy
    Law Faculty
    Humboldt University of Berlin
    Part-time judge at the OVG Berlin-Brandenburg
  • Prof. Dr. Georg Nolte
    Chair of Public Law, International Law and European Law
    Law Faculty
    Humboldt University of Berlin
  • Prof. Dr. Christoph G. Paulus, LL.M.
    Chair of Civil Law, Civil Procedure and Insolvency Law, and Roman Law
    Law Faculty
    Humboldt University of Berlin
  • Prof. Dr. Daniel Thym, LL.M.
    Chair of Public Law, European Law and International Law
    Law Faculty
    University of Konstanz
  • Prof. Dr. Gerhard Werle
    Chair of German and International Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure Law and Contemporary Legal History
    Law Faculty
    Humboldt University of Berlin

Associated sponsors

  • Prof. Dr. Alexander Blankenagel
    Chair of Public Law, Russian Law and Comparative Law
    Law Faculty
    Humboldt University of Berlin
  • Prof. Dr. Volker Gerhardt
    Chair for Practical Philosophy, Social and Legal Philosophy
    Philosophical Faculty I.
    Humboldt University of Berlin
  • Prof. em. Dr. Dr. h.c. mult. Dieter Grimm, LL.M.
    Professor em. for public law, constitutional history and comparative law
    Law Faculty
    Humboldt University of Berlin
    former judge at the Federal Constitutional Court
  • Prof. em. Dr. Michael Kloepfer
    Chair for constitutional and administrative law, European law, environmental law, finance and business law
    Law Faculty
    Humboldt University of Berlin
  • Prof. em. Dr. Gunnar Folke Schuppert
    Professor em. for political and administrative sciences, especially constitutional and administrative law
    Law Faculty
    Humboldt University of Berlin
  • Prof. em. Dr. Gerd Seidel
    Professor em. for public law, international law and European law
    Law Faculty
    Humboldt University of Berlin
  • Prof. em. Dr. Dr. h.c. Christian Tomuschat
    Professor em. for public law, international law and European law
    Law Faculty
    Humboldt University of Berlin

Alumni

  • Prof. Dr. Bardo Fassbender, LL.M. (Yale)
    (associated carrier)
    Chair for international law, European law and public law
    University of St. Gallen
  • Prof. em. Dr. Dr. h.c. Hartmut Kaelble
    Chair of Social History
    Institute for History
    Humboldt University of Berlin
  • Prof. Kiran Klaus Patel
    Professor of European and Global History
    Head of the Department of History
    Maastricht University
  • Prof. Dr. Ulrich K. Preuss
    Professor of Law and Politics
    Hertie School of Governance

Dissertations

  • Anna Dost:
    "Russian Constitutional Law on the Way to Federalism and Back: On the Conflict of Legal Norms and Realities in the Russian Federation from 1991 to 2009"
    ibidem-Verlag, Stuttgart 2012
    456 pages
    ISBN-13: 9783838202921
    Funding period: 09/2006 - 03/2007
  • Christian Eckart
    "Promises of States under International Law"
    Hart Publishing, Oxford 2012
    335 pages
    ISBN: 9781849462327
    Funding period: 11/2006 - 11/2009
  • Manuel Eduardo Góngora-Mera
    "Inter-American Judicial Constitutionalism: On the Constitutional Rank of Human Rights Treaties in Latin America through National and Inter-American Adjudication"
    Inter-American Institute of Human Rights, San José 2011
    302 pages
    ISBN-13: 9789968611671
    Funding period: 06/2006 - 05/2009
  • Anna Jasiak
    "Constitutional Constraints on Ad Hoc Legislation: A Comparative Study of the United States, Germany and the Netherlands"
    Intersentia, Mortsel 2011
    352 pages
    ISBN-13: 9781780680170
    Funding period: 04/2008 - 07/2008
  • Chia Lehnardt
    "Private military companies and responsibility under international law. An investigation from a humanitarian, international law and human rights perspective "
    Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2011
    299 pages
    ISBN: 9783161507649
    Funding period: 11/2006 - 11/2009
  • Julia Lieb
    "Diplomacy Beyond the State - The EU External Representation to Third Countries and the European External Action Service"
    Nomos, Baden-Baden 2013
    299 pages
    ISBN: 9783161507649
    Funding period: 11/2006 - 10/2008
  • Henriette Litta
    "Regimes in Southeast Asia: An Analysis of Environmental Cooperation"
    Springer VS Verlag for Social Sciences, Wiesbaden 2012
    216 pages
    ISBN: 9783531184821
    Funding period: 10/2007 - 09/2009
  • Pamela Luckau
    "Matching deeds to words?: The principle of conditionality in the EU's contractual relations with the Western Balkans"
    Berlin, Free University, dissertation, 2011
    195 pages
    Funding period: 11/2006 - 11/2009
  • Elaine Mak
    "Constitutional aspects of the judicial organization in the Netherlands, France and Germany"
    (Original title: "De Rechtsspraak in balans - Een onderzoek naar de rol van Klassiek-Rechtsstatelijke beginselen en‘ new public management ’")
    Wolf Legal Publishers, Oisterwijk 2008
    400 pages
    ISBN: 9789058503305
    Funding period: 11/2006 - 08/2007
  • Müschfig Mammadov
    "The secession conflicts in the post-Soviet space and the right of peoples to self-determination."
    wvb Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Berlin 2012
    336 pages
    ISBN-13: 9783865736512
    Funding period: 11/2007 - 08/2010
  • Martin Rempe
    "Development in Conflict: The EEC and Senegal, 1957-1975"
    Böhlau Cologne 2012
    375 pages
    ISBN: 3412208515
    Funding period: 11/2006 - 11/2009
  • Osvaldo Saldías
    "The Judicial Politics of Economic Integration - The Andean Court as an engine of development"
    Routledge, Abingdon, New York 2014
    335 pages
    ISBN: 978-0-415-82970-0 (hbk)
    Funding period: 11/2006 - 11/2009
  • Jan Scharlau
    "Socially Responsible Investment - The German and European Legal Framework"
    De Gruyter, Berlin 2009
    312 pages
    ISBN-13: 9783899496475
    Funding period: 10/2006 - 04/2009
  • Christian Syrian
    "The investigative function of the European Parliament - Holding the EU executive to account by conducting investigations"
    Wolf Legal Publishers, Oisterwijk 2013
    287 pages
    ISBN-13: 978-9058509598
    Funding period: 05/2010 - 09/2010
  • Thorsten Thiel
    "Republicanism and the European Union - A Redefinition of the Discourse on the Legitimacy of European Governance"
    Nomos, Baden-Baden 2012
    288 pages
    ISBN: 9783832971069
    Funding period: 06/2006 - 05/2009
  • Johannes Thumfart
    "The Foundation of Global Political Philosophy - On Francisco de Vitorias" Relectio de Indiis recenter inventis "from 1539"
    Kulturverlag Kadmos Berlin 2011
    299 pages
    ISBN-13: 9783865990839
    Funding period: 06/2006 - 05/2009
  • Ruslana Vovk
    "The openness of the Ukrainian constitutional order to intergovernmental cooperation and European integration"
    Ibidem, Stuttgart 2013
    446 pages
    ISBN-13: 978-3838204819
    Funding period: 06/2006 - 06/2009
  • Yuanyuan Wang
    "The Independence of Judges in China and Germany"
    Peter Lang GmbH, Frankfurt a.M. 2011
    341 pages
    ISBN-13: 9783631615324
    Funding period: 11/2006 - 11/2009

Anthology I

Ingolf Pernice / Benjamin von Engelhardt / Sarah H. Krieg / Isabelle Ley / Osvaldo Saldias (Eds.):
"Europe Beyond Its Borders - Political, Historical and Legal Perspectives"
Baden-Baden 2009
European Constitutional Law Series, Volume 31

Content:

  • Johannes Thumfart
    The ius gentium as a form of the translatio imperii: Francisco de Vitorias legitimation of Spanish colonialism in the context of the works of Miguel de Ulzurruns, Hernán Cortés ’and Bartolomé de las Casas’
  • Martin Rempe / Tillmann Schneider
    50 years of “EUropa” in West Africa: On the relationship between European and West African integration
  • Benjamin von Engelhardt
    The EU and WTO's need for legitimation - a comparison
  • Isabelle Ley
    Constitution without borders? On the meaning of borders in post-national constitutionalism
  • Henriette Litta
    Unity in Diversity: Southeast Asia’s Slow Path to Regional Integration
  • Osvaldo Saldias
    Reassessing Spill-over in Regional Integration: A Comparative Perspective
  • Julia Lieb
    Diplomacy Beyond the State: A Historical-Institutional Analysis of Changes in EU External Representation
  • Sarah H. War
    The European Union as an agent of international law? Experience from combating human trafficking
  • Henri Vogt
    The Borders of European Tolerance

Anthology II

Ingolf Pernice / Manuel Müller / Christopher Peters (eds.):
"Constitutionalization beyond the state - On the constitution of the world community and the founding treaties of international organizations"
Baden-Baden 2012
European Constitutional Law Series, Volume 36

Content:

  • Christopher Peters
    Informal adjustment mechanisms of the founding treaties of international organizations and their significance for the constitutionalization of international law
  • Stefan Raffeiner
    Ways of constitutionalization in international law: primacy of the UN Charter and ius cogens
  • Alexander Eisenfeld
    “Penetration” as a measure of the constitution: the domestic effect of the law of international organizations as an expression of political self-determination
  • Wulf Loh
    Constitutionalization of self-determination
  • Janina Sombetzki
    Political co-responsibility for the process of constitutionalization: Public explanation and participation of political actors
  • Manuel Müller
    Delegitimation through procedures: How the amendment procedure affects the public perception of national constitutions and of the founding treaties of international organizations. A news value based approach.

Final conference

The research training group expired at the end of March 2015. The GRAKOV's final conference took place on October 30, 2015.