What is cashmere

What is cashmere


Cashmere wool consists of very soft and fine fibers that are obtained from the cashmere goat. Cashmere products are very popular, especially sweaters, hats and scarves. The reason cashmere is in demand is because it has the following good properties features:

  • excellent thermal insulation
  • repels moisture very well
  • very fine fibers
  • Dirt and odor repellent
  • high tear strength

Cashmere (or cashmere in English) is one of them softest precious wool. The name Kashmir was derived from the cashmere goat, which in turn owes its name to its origin. But where is Kashmir? The former principality of Kashmir is now divided into three parts and is claimed equally by China, India and Pakistan.

Where does cashmere come from?

Cashmere wool has been processed into high-quality textiles for around 1000 years. The work steps have hardly changed in the 1000 years, cashmere is still in most cases today processed by hand. Machines would only destroy the fine wool of the goat and would also not recognize the difference between the fine under hair and the coarse outer hair fibers. Among the most important producing countries are China, Mongolia and Iran. But there are also large breeding farms in other countries such as Australia, New Zealand and Scotland. Today mainly small items such as scarves and hats are made in the original Kashmir region.

Which animal supplies the high-quality cashmere wool?

Cashmere comes from the cashmere goat used for theirs Floppy ears and the little rounded croissants that male and female goats have. The goats have a small head and are wool up to the forehead. It belongs to the family of domestic goats and there are now around 20 different types of cashmere.

The area of ‚Äč‚Äčorigin of the cashmere goat is in the arid high mountain steppes of Central Asia. The cashmere goat comes in four colors (white, black, gray, and brown). Cashmere goats are thanks to their origins strong weather conditions used. In Europe almost only white cashmere goats are bred, as their wool can be dyed easily later.

How is cashmere made?

When harvesting, the cashmere goats are combed out to change their coat towards the end of winter, so approx. 100 to 150gr. Cashmere wool won. The wool is very rarely obtained with the help of machines. The noble cashmere wool is obtained from the under hair of the goat, as the upper hair is much too coarse and not fine enough.

Cashmere is one of the noble wools due to its fine fiber structure. Cashmere is ideal for mattress covers, blankets and pillows because it has very good heat retention properties low weight having. Since it is one of the most expensive natural fibers, cashmere is often mixed with merino wool or virgin sheep's wool.

How do you recognize cashmere?

You can recognize cashmere wool very quickly, but nowadays there are a lot of good counterfeits that unfortunately you cannot recognize that quickly. That is why cashmere is tested several times. According to EU guidelines, products may only be labeled with cashmere if the cashmere content is at least 85%. Products with cashmere content must contain at least 14.5% cashmere wool. The predicate 100% cashmere is only given to products made from pure cashmere.

How can you wash cashmere wool?

Cashmere wool is like human hair, both are made up of amino acids. So it is only logical to care for the precious wool like your own hair. If no care information can be found on the product, then cashmere wool can be used by hand at a maximum of 30 degrees wash warm water.

You shouldn't rub the fine wool, otherwise it will felt very easily and is no longer as soft as you are used to from cashmere wool. Of course, you should also avoid using detergents with optical brighteners, because they are Bleach only corrodes the wool. It is best to use a liquid wool detergent that is also suitable for low temperatures. Never put the wool in the dryer or dry it with a hair dryer or something similar. The Cashmere wool needs to air dry. In addition, it must not be hung up, it is best to spread it out on a terry towel and let it dry there. In this way, the noble cashmere is preserved for a long time.