Is Patriot's Day a national holiday
Canada Day: All you need to know about Canada's National Day
July 1st is the so-called Canada Day, the most important national holiday in Canada, which is celebrated everywhere in the country. Regardless of where you are in Canada at this time of year - whether in Toronto or Vancouver - you have certainly experienced the day as something special, because Canadians show a lot of national pride, similar to their US neighbors. But do you know why the day is a public holiday? How is the national feeling anchored in history? What does it mean for Canadians? We have put together the most important facts for you.
1. Canada Day is not Independence Day
Canada Day goes back to the British North America Act of 1867 by the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Quebec and Ontario Dominion of Canada were merged, which in no way to independence, since the Dominion still belonged to the British Crown and was formed for purely practical reasons. After the American Civil War, there was fear of a threat from the northern states of the USA. London needed a strong federation that could have opposed the US if necessary. Before Dominion was mentioned, the new federation should be called the Kingdom of Canada, but this would probably have provoked the Americans and that was wanted to prevent. Canada only became formally independent in 1982, which is why the holiday was previously known as Dominion Day. Canada Day has been used since 1982.
2. There are celebrations all over the country
Parades, concerts, festivals, air shows, pancake meals, barbecues and fireworks are held in many cities for Canada Day. The largest events, however, are found in the capital Ottawa, where important politicians also take part. The celebrations are very patriotic with the Canadian flag everywhere and happy faces painted in white and red.
3. Not all Canadians are in a party mood
In Quebec, July 1st is also called Moving Day known because most rental contracts start on this day and accordingly many people use the holiday to move.
In the provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador, the Memorial Day instead of commemorating the fallen in the Battle of the Somme in World War I. The flags hang at half mast and there are commemorative events. The joyful celebrations for Canada Day only begin in the evening.
4. The name Canada goes back to the indigenous people
The name of Canada goes back to the word "kanata" from the tribe of the Huron-Iroquois and means something like "village" or "settlement". The use of the word has been documented since the 16th century and originally referred to the first settlement that the city of Québec has today.
5. Not all Canadian holidays represent unity
There are a total of 6 national holidays in Canada, including Christmas, Easter and New Years. Each province has its own holidays in addition to the national ones. One of them is particularly interesting, which falls on the Monday before May 25th. In all provinces except Québec, Victoria Day is celebrated on this day in honor of Queen Victoria and the English crown. In Québec, however, the French-influenced province, National Patriot's Day is celebrated. This is reminiscent of an uprising against the British crown in 1837.
Even if you may have the impression on July 1st in Canada that it has a lot to do with American Independence Day, now you know better. The day has little to do with independence and the question of the unity of the country leaves a lot open. Yet Canadians are proud of their identity and origins and celebrate it every year.
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