Should be chilled red dessert wine

Wine temperature - The ideal serving and drinking temperature for wine

Most of them White wines get too cold, most Red wines too warm Both of these reduce the enjoyment considerably. In order to be able to enjoy wine at the right temperature, however, certain precautions are necessary - or good ideas.

Table of Contents

Overview - The perfect drinking temperature for wine

Wine typeCharacterTemperature
Sparkling wine6 ° C to 8 ° C
White wineeasy, easy9 ° C to 11 ° C
strong, full-bodied, complex12 ° C
Red winesweet, dessert wine12 ° C to 14 ° C
light, fruity14 ° C to 16 ° C
medium strength, everyday wine16 ° C to 18 ° C
strong, full-bodied, complex18 ° C

Every wine has its ideal drinking temperature. It is around 10 ° C for white wines and around 18 ° C for red wines.

However, there are upward and downward deviations - depending on the type of wine. Simple, light white wines can be drunk a few degrees cooler. Sparkling wines should even be served at 8 ° C. The cooler the temperature, the more beautiful the bubbles are. Strong, full-bodied white wines, on the other hand, would lose weight at this temperature. Their abundance, their complexity would not be properly expressed. They have to be drunk warmer, around 12 ° C. A persistent mistake is the opinion that red wines should be drunk at "room temperature". “Room temperature” today means 21 ° C, often even warmer. At this temperature you can mainly taste the alcohol and glycerine in the wine, not so much the fruit. This means that an important facet of taste is lost. On the other hand, a drinking temperature of 18 ° C is ideal. For light, fruity red wines, it is even true that they can be served at 16 ° C. For many traditional red wine drinkers, these temperatures take getting used to.

White wine: The ideal drinking temperatures according to origin and type

Country of originDrinking temperature of white wines
FranceVin de Pays RoseChampagne, Bourgogne, Blanc, Sancerre, Saumur, Muscadet, Chablis, Bordeaux Sec, Rosé de ProvencePouilly Fumé, Chablis, Grand Cru Meursault, Gewürztraminer Riesling, Grand Cru Tavel, Rosé Lirac, Rosé de Provence Sauternes (sweet)Puligny-Montrachet Montrachet, Corton-Charlemagne Musigny Blanc, Tokay d’Alsace
ItalyProsecco Frizzante Galestro, Pinot GrigioProsecco Frizzante Galestro, Pinot GrigioChardonnay barrique, Verdicchio, Friulian white winesMarsala, Vin Santo
GermanyQbA sweet Weißherbst, vintner sparkling wineQbA / Kabinett vintage / location sparkling wineSpätlese / Auslese dry BeerenauslesenPinot Gris selection
AustriaSplashedGrüner Veltliner, Riesling, Welschriesling NeuburgerOutbreak, berry pickingSmaragd Wachau, Sauvignon Styria
SwitzerlandFendant, Aigle EpessesŒil de Perdrix
SpainRosadoAlbariño, cavasherry
PortugalVinho Verde
New worldWhite ZinfandelSauvignon BlancFumé BlancChardonnay Barrique

Red wine: The ideal drinking temperatures according to origin and type

Country of originDrinking temperature of red wines
14 ° C16 ° C18 ° C
FranceVin de Pays Beaujolais PrimeurVin de Pays Mercury, Mâcon Rouge Chinon, Beaujolais Cru, all Burgundy Bordeaux Superieur Madiran Côtes-du-RhôneMédoc, Haut Médoc, Pauillac, Margaux, St Emilion, Pomerol, Graves, Cahors, Côtes de Languedoc, Côtes de Roussillon, Côtes de Provence, Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Côte Rôtie, Hermitage
ItalyLake Kaltern Valpolicella Bardolino LambruscoChianti, Vino Nobile, Rosso di Montalcino, Barbera d’Alba Merlot del Piave Pinot Nero Alto Adige Lagrein, Cabernet Friuli Sangiovese di Romagna, Valtellina RossoChianti Riserva Brunello di Montalcino Aglianico di Vulture Taurasi, Barbera d’Asti Barbaresco, Barolo, Amarone, South Tyrolean Merlot
GermanyTrollingerPinot Noir Dornfelder Lemberger
AustriaBlauer Zweigelt St. LaurentBlaufränkisch
SwitzerlandPinot Noir DoleMerlot del Ticino
SpainValdepeñasRioja, Ribera del Duero, Tinto Navarra, Priorato
PortugalMadeira portRibatejoAlentejo, Dão, Bairrado
New worldPinot NoirCabernet Sauvignon, Zinfandel, Shiraz, Pinotage, Malbec

Tips for the right drinking temperature

Cooling down - the white wine is amazing

What do you do when the cellar is too warm and the white wine is not cool enough? Quite simply: the wine is taken from the cellar in good time and placed in the refrigerator. If it needs to be cooled quickly, only the ice bucket will help. In it, it is cooled by at least five degrees within ten minutes.

The French call the rapid cooling of wine (or champagne) in an ice bath astonishing.

The ice cubes, however, have to be poured with water. Water is a good conductor of cold. If you add a pinch of salt to the water, you can even accelerate the cooling process. Salt allows the ice cubes to melt faster and promotes the release of cold. If there are no ice cubes at hand, only the refrigerator's freezer will help. The wine should be cooled by a few degrees in it. If it stays in the freezer for more than 10 or 15 minutes, it will be cold, but it will be completely closed. By the way: In an emergency, red wines (which are too warm) should also be placed in the ice bucket or in the freezer compartment.

Learn more about frapping >>

Warming - chambring the red wine

When red wine comes out of the cellar, it is often too cool to be enjoyed straight away. Bringing it to drinking temperature quickly is called "chambring" in technical terms. So if you haven't fetched the wine from the cellar in time so that it can slowly warm up, you have to come up with something. In the past, the wine was simply placed on the heater. Unfortunately, only the contents of the bottle are heated on the bottom, not the rest of the wine.

A better method is to put the bottle in a jar of lukewarm water.

The wine will reach the desired temperature within a few minutes. But be careful: red wine is always served one to two degrees cooler than it should be drunk because it heats up quickly in the glass. And one more thing: Chambring in the microwave is taboo. The bottle would burst instantly.

Find out more about chambring >>

Tools for the perfect wine temperature

The most important tool for checking wine temperature is a wine thermometer. It is simply placed in the wine glass and shows the exact wine temperature. Such a thermometer can be useful for home use. However, using it in company or in a restaurant is not very appropriate. There are also cuff thermometers that are placed around the bottle like a ring. You have the advantage of measuring the temperature without having to open the bottle. The only downside is that the cuff thermometer only measures the temperature of the bottle, not the wine. Both can differ significantly from each other. In the case of a bottle that has been briefly placed in a bucket with ice cubes, for example, the glass may already be cold but the contents may still be room temperature.