Should be chilled red dessert wine
Wine temperature - The ideal serving and drinking temperature for wine
Most of them White wines get too cold, most Red wines too warm Both of these reduce the enjoyment considerably. In order to be able to enjoy wine at the right temperature, however, certain precautions are necessary - or good ideas.
Table of Contents
Overview - The perfect drinking temperature for wine
|Sparkling wine||6 ° C to 8 ° C|
|White wine||easy, easy||9 ° C to 11 ° C|
|strong, full-bodied, complex||12 ° C|
|Red wine||sweet, dessert wine||12 ° C to 14 ° C|
|light, fruity||14 ° C to 16 ° C|
|medium strength, everyday wine||16 ° C to 18 ° C|
|strong, full-bodied, complex||18 ° C|
Every wine has its ideal drinking temperature. It is around 10 ° C for white wines and around 18 ° C for red wines.
However, there are upward and downward deviations - depending on the type of wine. Simple, light white wines can be drunk a few degrees cooler. Sparkling wines should even be served at 8 ° C. The cooler the temperature, the more beautiful the bubbles are. Strong, full-bodied white wines, on the other hand, would lose weight at this temperature. Their abundance, their complexity would not be properly expressed. They have to be drunk warmer, around 12 ° C. A persistent mistake is the opinion that red wines should be drunk at "room temperature". “Room temperature” today means 21 ° C, often even warmer. At this temperature you can mainly taste the alcohol and glycerine in the wine, not so much the fruit. This means that an important facet of taste is lost. On the other hand, a drinking temperature of 18 ° C is ideal. For light, fruity red wines, it is even true that they can be served at 16 ° C. For many traditional red wine drinkers, these temperatures take getting used to.
White wine: The ideal drinking temperatures according to origin and type
|Country of origin||Drinking temperature of white wines|
|France||Vin de Pays Rose||Champagne, Bourgogne, Blanc, Sancerre, Saumur, Muscadet, Chablis, Bordeaux Sec, Rosé de Provence||Pouilly Fumé, Chablis, Grand Cru Meursault, Gewürztraminer Riesling, Grand Cru Tavel, Rosé Lirac, Rosé de Provence Sauternes (sweet)||Puligny-Montrachet Montrachet, Corton-Charlemagne Musigny Blanc, Tokay d’Alsace|
|Italy||Prosecco Frizzante Galestro, Pinot Grigio||Prosecco Frizzante Galestro, Pinot Grigio||Chardonnay barrique, Verdicchio, Friulian white wines||Marsala, Vin Santo|
|Germany||QbA sweet Weißherbst, vintner sparkling wine||QbA / Kabinett vintage / location sparkling wine||Spätlese / Auslese dry Beerenauslesen||Pinot Gris selection|
|Austria||Splashed||Grüner Veltliner, Riesling, Welschriesling Neuburger||Outbreak, berry picking||Smaragd Wachau, Sauvignon Styria|
|Switzerland||Fendant, Aigle Epesses||Œil de Perdrix|
|New world||White Zinfandel||Sauvignon Blanc||Fumé Blanc||Chardonnay Barrique|
Red wine: The ideal drinking temperatures according to origin and type
|Country of origin||Drinking temperature of red wines|
|14 ° C||16 ° C||18 ° C|
|France||Vin de Pays Beaujolais Primeur||Vin de Pays Mercury, Mâcon Rouge Chinon, Beaujolais Cru, all Burgundy Bordeaux Superieur Madiran Côtes-du-Rhône||Médoc, Haut Médoc, Pauillac, Margaux, St Emilion, Pomerol, Graves, Cahors, Côtes de Languedoc, Côtes de Roussillon, Côtes de Provence, Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Côte Rôtie, Hermitage|
|Italy||Lake Kaltern Valpolicella Bardolino Lambrusco||Chianti, Vino Nobile, Rosso di Montalcino, Barbera d’Alba Merlot del Piave Pinot Nero Alto Adige Lagrein, Cabernet Friuli Sangiovese di Romagna, Valtellina Rosso||Chianti Riserva Brunello di Montalcino Aglianico di Vulture Taurasi, Barbera d’Asti Barbaresco, Barolo, Amarone, South Tyrolean Merlot|
|Germany||Trollinger||Pinot Noir Dornfelder Lemberger|
|Austria||Blauer Zweigelt St. Laurent||Blaufränkisch|
|Switzerland||Pinot Noir Dole||Merlot del Ticino|
|Spain||Valdepeñas||Rioja, Ribera del Duero, Tinto Navarra, Priorato|
|Portugal||Madeira port||Ribatejo||Alentejo, Dão, Bairrado|
|New world||Pinot Noir||Cabernet Sauvignon, Zinfandel, Shiraz, Pinotage, Malbec|
Tips for the right drinking temperature
Cooling down - the white wine is amazing
What do you do when the cellar is too warm and the white wine is not cool enough? Quite simply: the wine is taken from the cellar in good time and placed in the refrigerator. If it needs to be cooled quickly, only the ice bucket will help. In it, it is cooled by at least five degrees within ten minutes.
The French call the rapid cooling of wine (or champagne) in an ice bath astonishing.
The ice cubes, however, have to be poured with water. Water is a good conductor of cold. If you add a pinch of salt to the water, you can even accelerate the cooling process. Salt allows the ice cubes to melt faster and promotes the release of cold. If there are no ice cubes at hand, only the refrigerator's freezer will help. The wine should be cooled by a few degrees in it. If it stays in the freezer for more than 10 or 15 minutes, it will be cold, but it will be completely closed. By the way: In an emergency, red wines (which are too warm) should also be placed in the ice bucket or in the freezer compartment.
Learn more about frapping >>
Warming - chambring the red wine
When red wine comes out of the cellar, it is often too cool to be enjoyed straight away. Bringing it to drinking temperature quickly is called "chambring" in technical terms. So if you haven't fetched the wine from the cellar in time so that it can slowly warm up, you have to come up with something. In the past, the wine was simply placed on the heater. Unfortunately, only the contents of the bottle are heated on the bottom, not the rest of the wine.
A better method is to put the bottle in a jar of lukewarm water.
The wine will reach the desired temperature within a few minutes. But be careful: red wine is always served one to two degrees cooler than it should be drunk because it heats up quickly in the glass. And one more thing: Chambring in the microwave is taboo. The bottle would burst instantly.
Find out more about chambring >>
Tools for the perfect wine temperature
The most important tool for checking wine temperature is a wine thermometer. It is simply placed in the wine glass and shows the exact wine temperature. Such a thermometer can be useful for home use. However, using it in company or in a restaurant is not very appropriate. There are also cuff thermometers that are placed around the bottle like a ring. You have the advantage of measuring the temperature without having to open the bottle. The only downside is that the cuff thermometer only measures the temperature of the bottle, not the wine. Both can differ significantly from each other. In the case of a bottle that has been briefly placed in a bucket with ice cubes, for example, the glass may already be cold but the contents may still be room temperature.
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