How political are the people in your country

Hanisauland: Lexicon @todo: from Preprocess

Why do people flee?

People flee in need because they want to avoid dangers, disasters or poverty. Many people are fleeing because there is was in their home country. They fear for their lives and the lives of their children. They are fleeing because they want to live in security and peace. Other people are persecuted because of their nationality, their affiliation with a certain religion or because of their political views. Still others flee because severe natural disasters have made their homeland uninhabitable or because of the poor economic conditions in their homeland. Some people flee alone, some with their families. And many thousands of children and adolescents even set off on the dangerous path to a safe country without their parents.

Why do many people live in refugee camps?
People at risk of hostilities and war in their home often try to live in other areas of their country. They are called "internally displaced persons" because they are on the run within their country. Around 45.7 million people worldwide are internally displaced. However, there is often no safe place in one's own country. That is why many refugees are leaving their country. A large number of the refugees are accepted into a refugee camp in a neighboring country. In Lebanon and Turkey there have been large camps for civil war refugees from neighboring Syria for many years.
Life is difficult in the camps. People live in tents, they often have no work, the children cannot always go to school and have no prospect of a better life in the overcrowded refugee camps. The outbreak of the corona crisis made the situation in the camps even worse. Tests are often not available and medical care for infected people is inadequate.
There are also refugee camps in Europe. There the people who have fled to Europe are waiting to be granted the right to live in a European state.
Dangerous escape

Escape is always dangerous. Refugees are traveling abroad, they do not know where they will sleep at night, whether they will have enough to eat or whom they can trust. They often have to cross countries they do not know and whose language they do not speak. When they get sick, they have no doctor and often no medication.
Many people from Africa flee to Europe by boat across the Mediterranean. Most of the time they have to pay a lot of money to have someone help them escape. For the refugees, fleeing often means that their lives are in danger. The boats are usually much too small and not at all seaworthy. That is why many thousands of refugees have drowned while fleeing across the sea.

Smugglers and smugglers

These are people who help organize an escape for a lot of money. Many refugees do not know how to escape from their homeland. For a "normal" trip, for example by plane, you need a visa, i.e. an entry permit for a foreign country, and a passport. Most refugees don't have that. Smugglers obtain forged travel documents and organize a place on a refugee boat. Or they smuggle people across the border in cars. Terrible accidents happen again and again because most of the smugglers don't care about the lives of the refugees. They put them on unseaworthy boats or put them in unseaworthy cars or trucks. In Germany, many people smugglers have now been convicted of criminal trafficking in human beings.

Children from all over the world tell us why they fled

Among the refugees are many children and young people who go on the run with their parents, but sometimes all by themselves. Nobody does that because they want to experience something exciting or are looking for an adventure. Rather, the children and young people want to escape the misery and mortal danger in their countries. Here children and young people report how great the need is in their countries. Many children have to work hard to survive.
Idris from Dakkar (Bangladesh), 12 years old, has to work hard every day in the fish market to feed himself and his sick father.


Some children flee because they were abused as child soldiers.
Janet from Uganda reports what children have experienced in Uganda: